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教育学论文:Student-Centered Learning 

论文作者:英语论文网论文属性:学期论文 termpaper登出时间:2015-05-06编辑:wangjinjin点击率:3806

论文字数:2114论文编号:org201505051710387602语种:英语论文 English地区:英国价格:免费论文

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摘要:作者指出最近,学校教育改革的广泛热门话题就是与学生为中心的学习,于是作者举出学生关于生物部落的实验,虽然以学生为中心的学习还没有得到广泛的推行,但对于学生的学习还是有一定的利处。

以学生为中心的学习


最近,学校教育改革的广泛热门话题就是与学生为中心的学习,我教书的最后一年,政府部门摒弃了这个学期,然而为了完成目标这方面没有服务是到位的。甚至包括亚特兰大公立学校的战略技术规划都在进行这种以学生为中心的学习模式。老师都会从中心地位的导师移至旁侧的位置。然而,实际上非常少的老师会在他们的班级里实行这种方法,一个非常棒的以学生为中心的学习活动叫做“盒子里的生物部落”就是一个例子。我的一个大学同学就参加过这个项目,她的学生小组合作来调查并创造了一个他们选择的特定的气候的“生物部落”。我观察到了学生们在用各种的媒体形式包括网络和CD播放机等来源来研究他们特殊的生物部落。他们构造生物部落的气温条件,使用他们手中各种的原材料。最后,他们把他们生物部落带到班上呈现并展开关于生物部落气温要素的口头讨论。


Student-Centered Learning 

Recently, the buzzword for school wide Educational reform is student-centered learning. My last year teaching, the administration threw around this term, yet no in-services were in place on this subject in order to accomplish the goal. Even Atlanta Public School's strategic technology plan uses the common student-centered learning phrase, ' Teachers will move from mentor in the center to guide on the side.' However, very few teachers actually use this approach in their classrooms. One example of an excellent student-centered learning activity was 'Biomes in a Box.' A colleague of mine used this project, her students work in teams to research and create a biome of a particular climate of their choosing. I observed students using various forms of Media including the Internet and CD-ROM resources to research their particular biome. They constructed the climate conditions of that biome using various raw materials at their disposal. In the end, they presented their biome to the class with an oral discussion of the climatic elements involved with that biome. The students were so proud and so actively involved in their learning. It was a great success. I am sure that 'Biomes in a Box' will be one lesson those students learned in that school. 

Even though some teachers use this new approach successfully in their class, my concern is that not all of the teachers can or even know how to change from the 'mentor in the center' to 'guide on the side.' Has the school systems come up with way to change the mindsets of these teachers and show them how to make their classrooms active learning environments? No, they are just content to throw the phrase around without determining how to bring about student-centered learning in the classrooms. So what is Student centered learning? Is it the cure all for the ailing public education system? What tools need to be in place in order to facilitate a student-centered learning environment? What kind of in-service or extra training will be necessary in order to foster the student-centered classroom? In this paper, I will define student-centered learning, explain the key attributes to this type of learning process, and identify the tools that will facilitate its growth. 

从中心地位的导师移至旁侧——From Mentor in the Center to Guide on the Side 

'Students should be presented with real life problems and then helped to discover information required to solve them' John Dewey 

'Student-centered learning is where students work in both groups and individually to explore problems and become active knowledge workers rather than passive knowledge recipients' (Harmon S.W. & Hirumi A., 1996). Rather than the teacher being the 'gatekeeper' of information, the students construct their learning by actively seeking their own information. In fact, teachers become more the 'guides on th论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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