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近代广西的洋烟贸易及其影响

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2013-09-17编辑:holy980点击率:2345

论文字数:1297论文编号:org201309032045513614语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:英美烟草近代广西烟草贸易

摘要:鸦片战争后,国门大开,英国以鸦片贸易的方式将中国卷入世界资本主义市场,继鸦片后,洋烟成为英美对中国经济掠夺和控制的又一商品媒介。

自1860年广西合浦上窑窑址出土了3件明代烟锅,学术界便展开了关于洋烟最早传入我国的研究,这是当时国内发现的最早的烟斗实物。卷烟属于舶来品,烟草最早种植于美洲。


Since 1860, Guangxi Autonomous Region on the kiln kiln Ming Dynasty unearthed three Smokeless , academia began the earliest on foreign cigarettes into China study, which was home to the earliest discovered pipe kind . Cigarettes are exotic, tobacco was first grown in the Americas, in the Ming Jiajing era began to spread to China. After the Opium War , with the invasion of foreign capitalism , foreign cigarettes and Yanghuogou , kerosene , calico together , adding that foreign goods to enter the Chinese market. In 1902 , British American Tobacco company established its headquarters in London, in China to Shanghai , Hong Kong as the center, to form a complete sales network throughout China to establish agency point of sale. Wuzhou , Beihai due to special historical location, favored by the British American Tobacco Company , also established a sales agent of this point , in order to occupy the South China market . Chinese residents have the habit of smoking a shisha pipe down , since the dumping of foreign capitalism wantonly foreign cigarettes , the Chinese people gradually accepted that cigarettes can be said is the second opium cigarettes banned , the foreign monopoly capitalism to expand and open the Chinese market is another weapon, the Anglo-American economic hegemony of a multinational case .


十九世纪九十年代,卷烟在中国还处于商品的试销过程。输入的数目不多,吸食者只限于帝国主义分子,买办商人等上层人士,作为一种奢侈品。


1890s , cigarette products in China is still in the process of test marketing . Enter the small number of smokers only imperialists , comprador elite businessmen, etc. , as a kind of luxury. Initially the Chinese people are not accustomed to , they take a lot of measures to promote cigarettes, including free delivery pumping, bundled as a gift to send to sell , use small package ( per pack five ) , puerile , and finally achieve dumping purposes , expanding China market , China 's importation of tobacco progressed very quickly . In 1895 more than 20 million only two inputs , then soared to 1916 was 30 million two .


1902年9月29日,英美两国六大烟草公司共同出资组建英美烟公司,总机构设在伦敦,收购了原在中国设厂产销的美国纸烟公司及老晋隆洋行,美国烟草大王杜克任董事长。


September 29, 1902 , the British and American Tobacco Company joint venture of six major Anglo-American Tobacco Company , its head office in London , acquired the former factory in China and sales of U.S. cigarette companies and the old Jin Long Matheson , American tobacco magnate Duke chairman. Second year, the U.S. cigarette company was reorganized as the U.S. tobacco companies registered in Hong Kong . Late 1904 , the Qing government and the Anglo-American Tobacco Company Prince Ching reached a " celebration Agreement" , agreed tobacco tax , requirements were Anglo-American Tobacco Company cigarette manufactured tobacco taxation in accordance with , that is about " value one hundred pumping five ."

As a sales company seems to exist in spite of the Anglo-American Tobacco Company , but want to quickly into the Chinese market , had in 1915 or 1916 to set up the first two Chinese name sales company - Wing Tai and tobacco companies . Its agents in China to identify responsibility for the company's China Zheng Bozhao cigarette sales agents , and thus he became a prominent modern Chinese comprador than earlier . Wing Tai and in central and southe论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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