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基于中英文语衔接手段大学英语写作中的应用对比研究:Applied Research of College English Writing Based on Contrast between English and Chinese Discourse Cohesive Devices

论文编号:lw201504011336035185 所属栏目:英语毕业论文 发布日期:2018年03月09日 论文作者:无忧论文网

ABSTRACT


From the writing score analysis of Chinese CET-4 and CET-6 in recent years, it can be concluded that college students’ English writing competence exists obvious deficiency and needs to be improved. The first part in Chinese CET-4 and CET-6 is writing, and writing is always students’ weak spot with not ideal score. Li Hanqiang ever made statics in 2005. Taking CET-4 and CET-6 in 2002 as an example, according to the statics of CET-4 and CET-6 examining committee, the average score of CET-4 writing in Chinese key universities was 7.28 points, and was only 49 points in hundred-mark system; however, the non-key universities was 6.37 points, and was 42 points in hundred-mark system. According to related survey, in the four tests of listening, speaking, reading and writing, the greater pressure of students comes from the writing test part. Judging from this, it can be concluded that among all the English standardized tests, English writing is a hot potato confronted by students all the time.  
 From perspective of Chinese domestic research to contrast between English and Chinese, the research direction is quite clear. Conducting English teaching and research is based on English and compares English with Chinese. The target of contrastive analysis is to contrast the differences and similarities of pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar between learners’ mother tongue and target language, and analyze the source. In teaching process, teacher should contrast the differences of cohesive devices, writing style and text structure between English and Chinese, increase the discussion and analysis to the differences of cohesive devices, promote students to get rid of the influence of Chinese thinking mode, and write out more acceptable English writings. Through emphasizing discourse cohesion knowledge, it can help students master writing conception framework and improve structure planning ability.  
The practical value of this topic lies in cultivating students’ English and Chinese comparative consciousness in writing process, further cultivating the comparative consciousness of any output process, and finally improving students’ English writing level, through the objective carrier of college English writing teaching and practical application of research achievements in contrast between English and Chinese. 


摘   要


从近几年大学英语四、六级写作成绩分析来看,学生的英文写作能力存在明显缺陷,亟需提高。大学英语四、六级考试的第一部分就是写作,这不仅是学生的弱项,而且得分也不近理想。李汉强于2005年对2002年的大学英语四、六级考试的写作成绩做过统计分析,全国重点大学的四级写作的平均成绩为7.28分(换算成百分制为49分),然而非重点院校的四级写作的平均成绩仅为6.37分(换算成百分制为42分)。根据相关调查,在听、说、读、写四个部分,学生最大的压力来源于写作部分。从这点看来,在所有的英语标准化考试中,写作确实是学生面对的一大难题。

笔者尝试将英汉对比的相关理论运用于大学英语写作教学当中,以期寻求一种更加有效的大学英语写作教学的方法。然而,英汉对比的相关理论繁多复杂,为应用研究选取合适的理论视角特别重要。在综合分析研究学生写作水平之后,笔者决定选取英汉语篇衔接手段对比这一切入点来进行分析。对比分析的目标在于对比和比较两种语言在语音、词汇和语法等方面的相似点和不同点并分析其原因。因此,教师在教学中应该主动向学生介绍英汉两种语言在衔接手段、写作风格和文章结构等方面的异同,增加学生对英汉衔接手段对比的讨论和分析,从而促进学生摆脱中式思维的写作模式,写出更加地道的英文作文。
本论文的实际价值在于培养学生在写作过程中的英汉语篇衔接手段的对比意识,从而提高任何输出型表达的对比意识,最终提高学生的英文写作能力。

TABLE OF CONTENTS


ABSTRACT i
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Background 1
1.2 Research Aims 3
1.3 Research Methods 4
1.4 Outline 4
CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW 6
2.1 Previous Studies on Discourse Cohesion 6
2.1.1 The Definition of Discourse 6
2.1.2 The Definition of Discourse Cohesion 6
2.1.3 Introduction of Cohesion 7
2.1.4 The Studies on Cohesion Abroad 10
2.1.5 The Studies on Cohesion at Home 12
2.1.6 Applied Research in China 14
2.2 Previous studies on College English writing 16
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2.2.4 The Studies on EFL Writing Teaching At Home 25
2.3 Problems in College English Writing 27
2.3.1 Problems 28
2.3.2 Teaching Difficulties 30
CHAPTER 3 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 32
3.1 Discourse Cohesion 32
3.2 College English writing in the framework of Discourse cohesion 36
3.2.1 Current Situation 36
3.2.2 Suggestions to College English Teaching 38
CHAPTER FOUR EXPERIMENT AND DATA ANALYSIS 40
4.1 Questionnaire designing 40
4.1.1 The Objectives 40
4.1.2 The Subjects 40
4.1.3 The Methods 41
4.2 Experiment 43
4.2.1 The Prepa