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温室气体排放量(百万吨二氧化碳相当量)

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2013-04-11编辑:hynh1021点击率:2965

论文字数:13400论文编号:org201304102125543244语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:排放温室气体交易

摘要:包括贸易,在2006年和2007年之间,减少了百分之14的排放量(3.28)从能源供应部门,9个百分点(0.08)从公共部门,百分之6(0.46)从商业和工业部门。然而,一些其他行业的排放量增加,包括1.4个百分点(0.03)从国际航运、航空业为百分之1.3(0.16)以及运输部门。这些部门是确定的排放源,而不是最终的使用发生的地方。

Coverage of emissions reporting排放的报道


排放的报告对苏格兰不包括任何津贴,英国是排放未分配的四个国家之一,苏格兰,英格兰,威尔士和北爱尔兰。这样的排放主要来自海上活动造成的排放量。Reporting of emissions for Scotland excludes any allowance for those UK emissions not allocated to one of the four countries, Scotland, England, Wales or Northern Ireland. Such emissions are mainly emissions resulting from offshore activity.
Whereas in the past, total emissions reported for Scotland have not included an estimate of emissions resulting from international aviation and shipping, the total emissions reported here do include such emissions.
The data presented for international shipping are regarded as preliminary estimates, as there is limited data availability for regional marine shipping fuel use. http://www.51lunwen.org/zglxslw/ There is research ongoing in the shipping sector, to derive improved emission estimates for the national and international shipping greenhouse gas emissions at UK level. Once this work is complete, the analysis of Scottish data will need to be re-visited. The data presented above for international aviation are regarded to be of low uncertainty. The aviation estimates are based on a database of UK flight movements and detailed calculations of emissions from different phases of flights (take off, cruise and landing cycles).
The emissions reported are the combination of emissions minus removals from the atmosphere by carbon sinks(5). Carbon sinks are incorporated within the Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) sector, which includes emissions as well as removals resulting from afforestation, reforestation, deforestation and forest management together with changes between grassland and cropland.


Revisions to the Inventory库存的修订


苏格兰的温室气体排放量每年都要进行检讨,整个历史数据系列和新的数据修改合并方法的改进。Scottish greenhouse gas emissions are reviewed every year, and the whole historical data series is revised to incorporate methodological improvements and new data.
It is therefore not appropriate to compare the Inventory from one year with that from another - the latest Inventory represents a single consistent data series going back to 1990 (excluding 1992-1994 and 1996-1997).
In preparing the 2007 figures, the most notable revisions to the historical series since the 2006 figures were published have been linked to changes in the emissions factors used to estimate emissions attributable to specific activities. For the carbon dioxide series, the most significant changes have resulted from new data being incorporated in the inventory series for 2005 and 2006 in respect of fossil fuels use by power stations, autogenerators and refineries, and also from revisions to the Department of Energy and Climate Change ( DECC) Regional Energy Statistics from new research into industrial energy use patterns. For the methane series, the most significant changes have been in respect of livestock manure management, again related to the emissions factors, and landfill methane, for which new data has been incorporated from 1998 onwards. For the nitrous oxide series, the only significant changes have resulted from updates to the emissions factors for road transport.
All the revisions to the inventory have resulted in revisions to the 2006 figures. The total of all Scottish greenhouse gas emissions (including international aviation and shipping) has been revised downwards from 61.4 to 61.0 Mt CO 2e. Comparing the 2007 figures with the 2006 figures publis论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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