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看中国和美国的文化差异

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-02-11编辑:huayue点击率:33397

论文字数:7658论文编号:org201002111145255098语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:euphemismscultural differencescomparisonConclusionPrivacy

AbstractEuphemism is one kind of figures of speech, and it refers to the substitution of mild or vague or roundabout expression for harsh or direct one. With the development of the human society, euphemism plays a more and more important role in our daily life. Euphemism is a common language strategy in communication. This paper is based on the contrastive analysis and designed to study the definition, pragmatic function, history of euphemism and its usage in common life. This paper focuses on the different attitudes towards birth, death, age, aesthetic sense and so on between Chinese and American people, and the analysis of the social foundation of these differences, in order to represent the influence of different ideology background, that is, Christianity in America and Confucianism in China. Through this paper, the reader could understand the cultural differences better and achieve smooth cross-cultural communication.

1. Introduction

With the development of the world, cross-cultural communication grows to be a necessity in everyone’s life. As we know, the definition of culture is that “it is the system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts that the members of society use to cope with their world and with one another, and that are transmitted from generation to generation through learning.” [1] Chinese and Americans are born to different cultures and they are different in many aspects, so cultural differences are the hinder of the cross-cultural communication and how to clear away the obstacle has become the problem that the world has to face.
Owing to the creation and development of the language, human culture could transmit from generation to generation. Language is not only the carrier of culture, but also the representative of it. Language is influenced by culture, and it reflects culture. The understanding of one requires the understanding of the other.
In the long period of evolution and practice, human beings have been knowing and remaking the objective world, and in the meantime they have been establishing and developing their own languages and cultures, thus forming various language patterns and cultural communities.
As part of language, euphemisms have existed throughout recorded history and with the development of society, it permeates every field. Euphemisms are “mild, pleasant or inoffensive expressions substituted for harsh, blunt, coarse or unpleasant ones.” [2]The reasons why people use them are complicated. Sometimes they are used for avoiding taboos; and sometimes they are used for being polite or considering the feelings of other people. “Without euphemisms, the world comes to a halt because of the frication and resentments would arise among people.”[3]How to use and understand euphemism becomes more and more important nowadays. As a matter of fact, it is a mirror that reflects its own culture, so the study of euphemism may clear away the obstacle in certain degree. There are abundant euphemisms both in Chinese and English and they flourish in different cultures. Since there are different cultures, different comprehension of euphemism might cause the conflict between these two peoples. So through the study of euphemism, we can have a better understanding of the cultural differences between Chinese and American, and then communicate better during the process.

2. A brief introduction of euphemism

2.1 The definition of euphemism
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中美文化的差异其实根源在于历史,历史记录经历,从而不同历史造就不同文化

2015/11/24 14:41:08

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