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汉英语言的形态、句法及语义差异对比分析中西思维模式

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:课程作业 Coursework登出时间:2014-05-26编辑:lzm点击率:6636

论文字数:5291论文编号:org201405251730033075语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:汉英语言语义差异中西思维模式Sino-Western Thinking PatternsChinese and English Languages

摘要:Due to the continuous cultural communication between West and China, the thinking patterns have been influencing and penetrating with each other. Besides, the expression of both Chinese and English languages has been interwoven.

Ⅰ.Introduction
 Languages are symbolic systems of both pronunciation and meaning in people’s communications, while thinking patterns refer to some functions of brains that reflect human’s understanding of objective world indirectly. However, they have intimate relationship with each other and are considered to be an inseparable unit. Just as Edward Sapir, the famous American linguist said, Language, when considered to be a structure, is a formation of thinking pattern interior.
Thinking patterns are usually concerned to be people’s thinking customs. Different societies take shape to distinctive cultures which give people different understanding and comprehension of objective world. Then, thinking patterns that are formed diversely can be shown in different language forms. Karl Puliblam has pointed out in Contradiction of Thinking Patterns that the reasons of mutual communicative failure among different nationalities lie in both linguistic diversity of pronunciation, syntax,  structure as well as divergences of Sino-Western thinking patterns.
Along with the historical development of society, both the Chinese and Western people have formed their distinctive thinking patterns and languages. These differences might be difficult to be realized several centuries ago, but under the influence of globalization, they have no choice but to get in touch with each other. Therefore, knowing differences of Sino-Western thinking patterns and the two languages, learners can not only understand their own features and improve the ability of using them, but also help facilitate the communication between Chinese and Westerners.
 While people’s thinking is invisible and inexpressible, the language itself is able to explain one’s thought. Thus language is always considered to be representation of thinking mode. According to modern linguistic theory, linguistics is generally defined as the scientific study of language. And this thesis is going to analyze the differences between thinking patterns from linguistic aspect.
 
 Ⅱ. Sino-Western Thinking Patterns from Morphological Differences
 Morphology refers to the study of the internal structure of words, and the rules by which words are formed. Chinese character is a typical kind of writing system that belongs to pictographs, but English word is composed of a series of morphemes that have their respective meanings. Therefore, Chinese people can tell the meaning of a character by its entire shape. And westerners usually understand a word from meanings of its morphemes.
 2.1 Morphological Differences between Chinese and English Words
 2.1.1 Pictographs in Chinese
 Pictographs that always drawn by simple lines make people connect the pattern with real object, and understand the thing represented by the word. The formation of Chinese character depends on image. Therefore, the meaning of a character can be imagined by its pattern. Chinese characters originated from pictographs, and developed directly from original pictures. As a result of the similarity between the pattern and the object, one of the most important features of Chinese characters is directness. E.g. the character “山” (mountain) in Chinese is extremely similar with the appearance of a real mountain. Along with the evolution of Chinese characters, the directness has turned to be something inside, bu论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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