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中西文化习俗的比较

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2014-06-12编辑:lzm点击率:9739

论文字数:1632论文编号:org201406112109586797语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:文化交流传统习俗文化内涵中西文化习俗Cultural Significance

摘要:Just like many other Chinese common practices, holding a banquet after a funeral is not merely a way to show thanks to those who are present at the funeral, but it has its own cultural significance. It shows that the Chinese people well understand the different meanings of This Life and Next Life.

【摘要】中西文化习俗的比较与交流是外语学习的一个重要方面。本文从我国民间盛行的丧事后吃“豆腐羹饭”这一令西方人感到有趣的习俗出发,介绍和讨论了中国传统观念对“今生”与“来世”的认识及其文化内涵。

【关键词】文化交流;传统习俗;文化内涵

INTRODUCTION

In China there is a noticeable and very interesting common practice: the family members, relatives and close friends of the deceased will gather together to have a joyful banquet immediately after the mournful funeral. Though the banquet is traditionally called a “ Meal of Bean Curd Soup”, a simple food supposed to be eaten on such an occasion, it can nevertheless be very sumptuous in real practice. Instead of wailing and weeping as they did just now at the mourning ceremony, all the participants of the banquet seem to be enjoying themselves now, talking or even laughing over eating and drinking. And one more remarkable feature of this kind of Meal of Bean Curd Soup is that it is almost always a big get-together of nearly all the relatives of the deceased, old or young, male or female, immediate or distant, even including those who have rarely been in contact. More often than not, they take this assembling as a good opportunity to talk more about things concerning themselves than about the deceased. How should a funeral be followed by such a banquet? How should we interpret this interesting phenomenon? Besides showing thanks to those who are present at the funeral, does it have any of its own cultural significance? These questions and other more are just what this essay is intended to discuss.


IT REFLECTS THE CHINESE VIEW OF THIS LIFE AND NEXT LIFE

Generally speaking, the Chinese people are more concerned with the life of This World than the life of the Other World. This may be best supported by the Confucian idea, which has prevailed thousands of years in the Chinese people’s mind, about how to treat the dead spirits and how to do with our own life. Once asked by one of his students about man’s duty to the spirits, Confucius answered:” When still unable to do your duty to men, how can you do your duty to the spirits?” Then he went on to raise this well-known rhetoric question: ”Not yet understanding life, how can you understand death?” As we can see, many traditional Chinese rites are concerned with burial and mourning, including this “Meal of Bean Curd Soup” following the funeral, but according to the Confucian idea, “such rites are not ... performed for the benefit of the dead themselves, for the dead are dead, and therefore cannot possibly enjoy such things. The real reason for the existence of these ceremonies is that they provide an outlet for the emotions of the living.” (Essays on Chinese Civilization P321)

Then we may understand it is not strange, after all, that we should have a joyful banquet after a mournful funeral because we need an outlet for a different kind of emotion after we wail and weep sadly for the deceased. Since we understand that the dead are dead and we the living will go on to live and we should live fearlessly and happily as perhaps the dead wished, let’s bury our memory of the deceased deep in mind and have a sort of way to mark the start of a different life. We may not realize all this when we are having our “Meal of Bean Curd Soup’, but it does have this effect to varying degrees.


II.IT REFELECTS THE TRADITIONAL CHINESE IDEA OF “ BRING HONOR TO ONE’S ANCESTORS”

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