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组织行为的因素 Factors in Organisational Behaviour

论文编号:lw201710271458137580 所属栏目:组织行为学论文 发布日期:2018年02月11日 论文作者:无忧论文网
组织行为学是研究人们和群体在组织中活动的知识的研究和应用。一个组织以愿景、管理哲学、价值观和领导能力为核心。特定组织的文化决定了领导、沟通、群体动力和人力资本的类型。良好的领导能力是企业在这个数字化时代生存的关键。领导力就是应对变化。领导能力是影响一组人实现设定目标的能力。有效的领导应归功于一个领导者,即一个领导者可能会定义他的角色和下属的结构,并通过相互信任和尊重来考虑所有人。
在任何组织中交流都能最大限度地利用机会,同时也可以消除所有可能导致组织失败的威胁。良好的沟通系统会改善玩家之间的关系,从而创造良好的工作环境。在工作环境可用的组织中,人员聚在一起讨论组织目标,团队工作也被用于实现目标。人力资本是能力、知识、习惯和人格属性的储备。人力资本的概念认识到,不是所有的工人在一个组织是相同的。这是知识,每个人的属性可以有效地使用在商业环境中。在组织的位置上,用人力资本和沟通指导组织,自我评估是必要的,如果做得好,会使整个组织受益更多。自我评价对一个公司的绩效评价很重要,因此对人力资本和组织领导都是非常有益的。

Organizational behavior is the study and application of knowledge of how people and groups of people act in an organization. An organization thrives on the vision set, management philosophies, values and the leadership. The culture of a specific organization determines the type of leadership, communication, group dynamics and human capital. Good leadership is vital for a business to survive in this digital age. Leadership is about coping with change. Leadership is the ability to influence a group of people towards the achievement of set goals. Effective leadership is owed to initiation where a leader is likely to define the structure of his role and those under him, as well as consideration for all by having mutual trust and respect.

Communicating in any organization leads to maximum utilization of opportunities and also serves as an eliminator of all threats that can lead to the failure of an organization. A good communication system leads to improved relationships between the players hence a good working environment is created. In an organization where the working environment is available, the personnel comes together in teams to discuss the organizations goals and also team work is applied in the realization of goals. Human capital is the stock of competences, knowledge, habits and personality attributes. The concept of human capital recognizes that not all the workers in an organization are the same. It is the knowledge that the attributes of each person can be used productively in a commercial context. In the place that is the organization, with human capital and communication to direct the organization, self-assessment is imperative.If done properly can benefit an organization a whole lot more. Self-evaluation is important to performance appraisal to a company hence very profitable to human capital as well as organization leadership.

Self evaluation gives leaders broader perspective. A manager receives better insight into an employee’s performance and their general perceptions and believes regarding a job. Manager’s work closely with their employees but it is not enough to understand all the factors that affect them. Through self assessments, managers get a closer look at factors that affect employees their performance and their motivation. These evaluations help the employees communicate their needs, strengths and weakness to their leaders’ thus increasing efficiency at the work place.

Self evaluation promotes communication in regards to performance. A self assessment is a communication tool that leaders use to spark discussion between them and their employees. An employee provides relevant background information in his assessment which serves as an opportunity for their employer to know them better. Effective organizational management requires communication to flow both ways between the leader and the led. Employees are able to bring to light their priorities, challenges faced and general discussions about performance. Self evaluations are also beneficial in helping an organization revise their communication ways from top down to a two way dialogue which if includes in the organizations culture can prove very crucial.

Self evaluation aids in solving issues before the review meeting. The assessment enables employees to flag their in perception of their performance before the review meeting is held. The self appraisal enables a manger to be ready for the review meeting thus making it easier to have a fruitful discussion and fair performance ratings. The assessment is really