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论文编号:lw201802151014162047 所属栏目:在职研究生论文 发布日期:2018年02月26日 论文作者:无忧论文网
摘 要


当前,伴随着我国的经济实力的不断提高,对于医疗的重视程度不断增长,在我国,大型医用设备得到了越来高德普及率,在过去,仅仅只能够在大城市的大的医院才会拥有的X光诊断仪等,现在在许多的中小型医院就能够见到,甚至在一些乡镇医院,也借用其开展有关的检查。设备的发展,对于医院的发展发挥了重要的推动作用。当前,在我国,仅仅是多普勒 B 超(彩超)拥有量就超过了六千台,并还在以高达每年六百台的速度快速的增长着,此外包括CT机在内的诸多的医疗仪器也在迅速的被引进。借助于各级各种医院对于这些大型医疗设备大规模的引进,让我们在进行大型医疗设备的经济管理分析的时候,能够更为的便利,也能够获得更多的相关数据。
在很大程度上来说,医院的发展建设的一个重要的趋势是引进大型的医用设备。对于医院来说,如果缺乏大型的医用设备,那么很多的工作都不能够有效的开展起来,从而也会对其发展产生重大的不利影响。但是,大型医用设备的引物,无论是采购方面,还是在维护方面,都需要付出较高的成本。在当前,人们对于医疗服务的需求不断的提高,医院需要这些设备,但是同时也要考虑到其能否帮助医院增加经济效益。在不合适的时候引入,较高的成本付出,会给医院带来很大的经济压力。在这种情况下,在什么时候引进,就成为众多的医院决策者们积极思考的问题。
在医院转变为独立经营,自负盈亏以后,对于医院来说,过去所以来的由政府进行投资,由行政进行拨款的局面已经改变,已经进入到了医院按照自身的实际需要,决定是否引进大型医用设备的局面。在这种情况下,怎样引进,怎么何种设备,在什么实际引进等就成为各种医院的决策者需要积极思考的问题。基于此,在我国的国情下,只是开展一般的可行性研究并不能够有效的达到目的,真正要注意的是,在医用设备引入以后,怎么开展管理,怎么开展经营,让其能够在经济效力方面表现最大化,推动医院的诊疗水平得到较大的提高,推动医院获得更强的竞争力,推动医院快速的进行发展。让大型的医用设备能够产生社会效益最大化,产生经济效益最大化,离不开医院的决策者、投资者等各个方面开展研究探讨。因此,寻找到一种合适在该方面进行分析的方法,具有十分重要的现实意义。而马克思主义经济理论指导下的成本效益分析法则提供了一个较好的帮助解决该问题的方法。
成本效益分析法是西方经济学的一个十分重要的内容,同时也是一个较为成熟并且证明是有效的方法。其主要的作用是对重大的投资方案进行评估,从而分析其是否可行,在本研究中,将选择某医院的大型医用设备作为研究对象,针对所选择的研究对象,通过调研法,搜集相关的资料,从而了解其购买的原则、具体目标等,对其成本效益开展研究,并提供其在设备引入时候的参考建议。

Abstract
At present, with the continuous improvement of China's economic strength, the importance of attention for medical growth, in China, large-scale medical equipment has been more and more high penetration rate, in the past, only in large cities only in large hospitals Have X-ray diagnostic apparatus, etc., now in many small and medium-sized hospitals will be able to see, even in some township hospitals, but also borrowed to carry out the relevant checks. The development of equipment for the development of the hospital has played an important role in promoting. At present, in our country, only the Doppler B super (color ultrasound) possession of more than six thousand units, and still up to 600 units per year speed of the rapid growth, in addition to including CT machine, including a lot of medical The instrument is also being introduced quickly. With the introduction of large-scale medical equipment at all levels of various hospitals, we can get more relevant data when conducting economic management analysis of large-scale medical equipment.
To a large extent, an important trend in hospital development is the introduction of large medical equipment. For the hospital, if the lack of large medical equipment, then a lot of work can not be effectively carried out, and thus its development will have a significant adverse impact. However, large medical equipment primers, whether it is procurement, or in terms of maintenance, need to pay a higher cost. At present, the demand for medical services continues to improve, the hospital needs these equipment, but also to consider whether it can help the hospital to increase economic efficiency. Inappropriate when the introduction of a higher cost to pay, will bring great economic pressure to the hospital. In this case, when to introduce, it becomes a large number of hospital decision makers are actively thinking about the problem.
In the hospital into an independent business, self-financing, for the hospital, the past so the government to invest, the situation by the administrative funding has changed, has entered the hospital in accordance with their actual needs, decide whether to introduce large medical equipment The situation. In this case, how to introduce, what kind of equipment, in what the actual introduction of a variety of hospital decision makers need to be a positive thinking. Based on this, under the national conditions in China, only to carry out the general feasibility study can not effectively achieve the goal, it is important to note that after the introduction of medical equipment, how to carry out management, how to carry out business, so that it can be in economic efficiency To maximize the performance of the hospital to promote the level of diagnosis and treatment have been greatly improved to promote the hospital to obtain a stronger competitive edge, to promote the rapid d