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信息系统有助于预防公共卫生危机

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:学术文章 Scholarship Essay登出时间:2015-06-19编辑:g790726705点击率:5030

论文字数:1107论文编号:org201506111705482114语种:英语 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

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摘要:阐述了论证了信息系统对预防潜在的公共卫生危机所发挥的作用

问题一:用图表描述当前对重大公共卫生问题的报道和识别过程,比如对流感的报道和识别。

当前的或者传统的报道潜在公共卫生问题的方法是依靠个人、医院或者其他医疗设备去识别这样的潜在威胁的手动过程。医院的医生和院内的科学实验识别了任何潜在的健康风险,随后就会整理一份报告。公共卫生问题的识别往往是依靠每个医院对具有类似症状的患者人数的追踪调查。这样的报道往往是通过传真或者邮寄到当地公共卫生监督所。公共卫生监督所,收到这样的报告后,在做出任何决定或者采取任何预防措施前,监督所将会打电话到相关医院更进一步询问相关问题。下面的图表描述了这个过程。


问题二:资讯系统是如何改善这个过程的?用资讯系统描述公共卫生问题的报道和识别。


资讯系统是一项管理信息系统,它实时的从每个医院里的住院病人信息系统收集相关信息。通过对这些数据的分析,然后将结果发送到疾病预防控制中心以及管理信息系统,与当前的手动报告过程以及依靠人为干涉去识别潜在的健康风险相结合,这样就消除了长期延迟的可能性。


Question 1: Describe and diagram the existing process for reporting and identifying major public health problems, such as a flu pandemic. 

The existing or traditional approach to reporting potential public health problems is a manual process reliant on individuals within individual hospitals/medical facilities to identify such potential threats or issues. Physicians or laboratories within the hospital identify any potential health risks and then compile a report on the issue. The identification of the issue/risk is reliant on individual hospitals tracking the volume numbers of patients with similar symptoms. This report is than faxed or posted to the local public health authority. The public health authority, on receipt of the report, will phone the hospital in question for any additional information it requires before it is in a position to make any decisions or taken any relevant preventative measures. The diagram below outlines the process involved. 

Question 2: How does BioSense improve this process? Diagram the process for reporting and identifying public health problems using BioSence. 

BioSense is a management information system (M.I.S.), which gathers the relevant data from individual hospital patient information systems in real time. By analysing this data and also passing it onto the Centre for Disease Control’s (CDC) M.I.S., it removes the potential for the long delays associated with the existing manual reporting process and the reliance on human intervention to identify potential health risks. BioSense allows for an organised coordinated and focused approach to managing health information spanning all geographic areas in the U.S. making it possible to manage information which in turn creates better decision making and execution of remedial actions. It also allows for the sharing of information among registered users, which are geographically relevant to each other, so they may identify potential risks or threats to their jurisdiction and take the appropriate/necessary action. 

By taking the transactional level patient data at each hospital, BioSense can combine the data from all other hospitals across the U.S., analyse the information in real time and identify potential threat, geographical areas at risk and trends over the long term. 

BioSence is a management information system (M.I.S.), which sits on top of each individual hospital’s information system (I.S.). Physician(s) in each hospital enter patient data into their information system. The BioSence management information system extracts the relevant data required such as age, sex, location information, symptoms, medication etc. It gathers and analyses the data, which is then formatted and encrypted. The data is sent every 15 minutes via the Web to the Centre for Disease Control’s (CDC) M.I.S. and decision support system (D.S.S论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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