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论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 dissertation登出时间:2023-03-03编辑:vicky点击率:87

论文字数:35696论文编号:org202302261659505869语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 44




Chapter One: Submission to Facticity

1.1 Authority and Coercion

Sartre has claimed that “the existence of a past has been established that human reality has to be what it is” (Being and Nothingness 114). Besides, people are thrown into a world where they encounter dangers, obstacles, and aid. It is the facticity that establishes the existence of a past. Therefore, to explore what life Edna lives at the beginning of the story, it is necessary to explore the facticity that surrounds her. The following discussion will focus on the situation of Edna’s original family, especially the role her father plays. 


As Edna’s father, the colonel was seldom mentioned by Edna. Besides, none of Edna’s memories were happy when they referred to her father. For example, Edna ran away from prayers because her father read the Presbyterian service “in a spirit of gloom” (Chopin 896) that still chilled her to think of; when she married Léonce, her father was violently against it. Edna’s relationship with her father was not close, which might be the result of two reasons: on the one hand, as a family member, he did not take the responsibilities as a father. His neglect of the family and his daughters estranged Edna from him; on the other hand, his authority and coercion frightened Edna. They never understood each other. It can be observed when Edna recalled her childhood, the role of the father was absent: 

She and her younger sister, Janet, had quarreled a good deal through force of unfortunate habit. Her older sister, Margaret, was matronly and dignified, probably from having assumed matronly and housewifely responsibilities too early in life, their mother having died when they were quite young. (Chopin 897) 

1.2 A Valuable Piece of Personal Property

As a self-contained child who was neglected at home without her parents’ care, Edna was longing to live “with a certain dignity in the world of reality” (Chopin 898). Therefore, she chose to marry Léonce, who flattered and pleased her, hoping he would understand and care for her. However, it turned out to be a mistake. She was then living under the materialization of her husband.  

In The Awakening, Edna first appeared as Mrs. Pontellier, the wife of Léonce. Léonce looked at his wife “as one look[ed] at a valuable piece of personal property which ha[d] suffered some damage” and told his wife that “‘you [were] burnt beyond recognition’” (882). Edna “held up her hands, strong, shapely hands, and surveyed them critically, drawing up her lawn sleeves above the wrists. Looking at them reminded her of her rings.” (Ibid) According to Margit Stange, “Edna’s perception of her own body is structured by the detachability of the hand and arm” (202); the detaching and alienation from her body indicates a materialization of her body as property. Without reply, Edna responded to her husband with silence while laughed with Robert. Léonce was confused and asked “‘what it is?’”, but Edna’s reply was omitted as “some utter nonsense” by the narrator (Chopin 882). In this very short turn, Léonce’s speech acts are represented as direct speech while Edna’s replies are either si论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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