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论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2022-06-14编辑:vicky点击率:103

论文字数:26855论文编号:org202206081805105643语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 66




Chapter One  Immortal Ethnic Memory under Jewish Faith in Eternal Life

1.1 Ethnic Memory as a Commandment during Jewish Diaspora

Memorizing Jewish history is considered a top commandment in Judaism. It is a Jewish belief that remembering the past is an effective way to keep history active. Remembrance has been mentioned in many Jewish scriptures. In Pentateuch, there appear four scenes that Jews are required to pass down the meaning of Jewish rituals and laws to their children. Torah, the Hebrew  Bible  deemed  as  the  legacy  of  Jewish  memory,  the  verb  “zakhor”  (“remember”  in Hebrew) appears in close to one hundred and sixty-nine times, and it makes Hebrew Bible “the Book of Memories”. Yosef Hayim Yerushalmi claims that “only in Israel and nowhere else is the injunction to remember felt as a religious imperative to an entire people” (Yerushalmi, 1989: 9).   

However, Jewish ethnic memory does not mean remembering the whole journey of Jewish history, but those significant ones. As Yerushalmi puts it, “there the fact that history has meaning does not mean that everything that happened in the past is meaningful or worthy of recollection (Yerushalmi,  1989:  10).  That’s  to  say,  memory  is,  by  its  nature,  selective,  and  Israel remembrance is no exception. Jewish ethnic memory does not necessarily comprise every event in history, but those of significant pivotal moments of Jewish history. Among those, one of the most highly significant ones is the destruction of the Second Temple in around 70 A.D.  

The fall of the Second Temple marks the turning point in Jewish history, for it starts the long  diaspora  for  about  two  thousand  years.  Jews  were  deprived  of  the  right  to  live  in  their homeland Jerusalem, which left them no choice but to find themselves shelters in foreign lands. Since then, Jews began an odyssey of wandering that would last for almost two thousand years, facing fatal challenges to the Jews as follows. 

1.2 Torah as the Memory Carrier

Eternal Life reflects how Jewish ethnic memory is carried on during the Second Temple period.  Horn  depicts  Yochanan,  Rachel’s  first  son,  as  a  significant  figure  who  largely contributes to the continuity of Jewish memory, first oral and then written.  

In his childhood, Yochanan was a Jewish boy with the incredible talent of memory, and he  is  obsessed  with  Jewish  stories  in  those  ancient  scriptures.  For  Yochanan,  those  Biblical stories are the access to learn Jewish history, so he memorizes all of them to pass down to others. Once around ten years old, Yochanan accidentally walks right into the Roman soldiers while reading a Jewish story, and he tried to get it back for it was “unfair” but got beat. Later then he told his mother Rachel about that, keeping saying with a broken voice and quivering mouth: 

“I lost it. I lost the story. I’m sorry, I’m论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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