英语论文网

留学生硕士论文 英国论文 日语论文 澳洲论文 Turnitin剽窃检测 英语论文发表 留学中国 欧美文学特区 论文寄售中心 论文翻译中心

Bussiness ManagementMBAstrategyHuman ResourceMarketingHospitalityE-commerceInternational Tradingproject managementmedia managementLogisticsFinanceAccountingadvertisingLawBusiness LawEducationEconomicsBusiness Reportbusiness planresearch proposal

英语论文题目英语教学英语论文商务英语英语论文格式商务英语翻译广告英语商务英语商务英语教学英语翻译论文英美文学英语语言学文化交流中西方文化差异英语论文范文英语论文开题报告初中英语教学英语论文文献综述英语论文参考文献

ResumeRecommendation LetterMotivation LetterPSapplication letterMBA essayBusiness Letteradmission letter Offer letter

澳大利亚论文英国论文加拿大论文芬兰论文瑞典论文澳洲论文新西兰论文法国论文香港论文挪威论文美国论文泰国论文马来西亚论文台湾论文新加坡论文荷兰论文南非论文西班牙论文爱尔兰论文

小学英语教学初中英语教学英语语法高中英语教学大学英语教学听力口语英语阅读英语词汇学英语素质教育英语教育毕业英语教学法

英语论文开题报告英语毕业论文写作指导英语论文写作笔记handbook英语论文提纲英语论文参考文献英语论文文献综述Research Proposal代写留学论文代写留学作业代写Essay论文英语摘要英语论文任务书英语论文格式专业名词turnitin抄袭检查

temcet听力雅思考试托福考试GMATGRE职称英语理工卫生职称英语综合职称英语职称英语

经贸英语论文题目旅游英语论文题目大学英语论文题目中学英语论文题目小学英语论文题目英语文学论文题目英语教学论文题目英语语言学论文题目委婉语论文题目商务英语论文题目最新英语论文题目英语翻译论文题目英语跨文化论文题目

日本文学日本语言学商务日语日本历史日本经济怎样写日语论文日语论文写作格式日语教学日本社会文化日语开题报告日语论文选题

职称英语理工完形填空历年试题模拟试题补全短文概括大意词汇指导阅读理解例题习题卫生职称英语词汇指导完形填空概括大意历年试题阅读理解补全短文模拟试题例题习题综合职称英语完形填空历年试题模拟试题例题习题词汇指导阅读理解补全短文概括大意

商务英语翻译论文广告英语商务英语商务英语教学

无忧论文网

联系方式

1997年5月托福阅读全真试题

论文作者:佚名论文属性:短文 essay登出时间:2009-09-24编辑:lisa点击率:6977

论文字数:1000论文编号:org200909241540552717语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:托福试题

Question 1-8
With Robert Laurent and William Zorach, direct carving
enters into the story of modern sculpture in the United States.
Direct carving - in which the sculptors themselves carve stone
or wood with mallet and chisel - must be recognized as some
-thing more than just a technique. Implicit in it is an aesthetic
principle as well: that the medium has certain qualities of beauty
and expressiveness with which sculptors must bring their
own aesthetic sensibilities into harmony. For example, some-
times the shape or veining in a piece of stone or wood suggests,
perhaps even dictates, not only the ultimate form, but
even the subject matter.
The technique of direct carving was a break with the nineteenth-
century tradition in which the making of a clay model
was considered the creative act and the work was then turned
over to studio assistants to be cast in plaster or bronze or carved
in marble. Neoclassical sculptors seldom held a mallet or chisel
in their own hands, readily conceding that the assistants they
employed were far better than they were at carving the finished
marble.
With the turn-of-the-century Crafts movement and the
discovery of nontraditional sources of inspiration, such as
wooden African figures and masks, there arose a new urge for
hands-on, personal execution of art and an interaction with the
medium. Even as early as the 1880's and 1890's, nonconformist
European artists were attempting direct carving. By
the second decade of the twentieth century, Americans -
Laurent and Zorach most notably - had adopted it as their primary
means of working.
Born in France, Robert Laurent(1890-1970) was a prodigy
who received his education in the United States. In 1905
he was sent to Paris as an apprentice to an art dealer, and in
the years that followed he witnessed the birth of Cubism,
discovered primitive art, and learned the techniques of wood-
carving from a frame maker.
Back in New York City by 1910, Laurent began carving
pieces such as The Priestess, which reveals his fascination with
African, pre-Columbian, and South Pacific art. Taking a walnut
plank, the sculptor carved the expressive, stylized design.
It is one of the earliest examples of direct carving in American
sculpture. The plank's form dictated the rigidly frontal view
and the low relief. Even its irregular shape must have appealed
to Laurent as a break with a long-standing tradition that
required a sculptor to work within a perfect rectangle or square.
1. The word "medium" in line 5 could be used to refer to
(A) stone or wood
(B) mallet and chisel
(C) technique
(D) principle
2. What is one of the fundamental principles of direct carving?
(A) A sculptor must work with talented assistants.
(B) The subject of a sculpture should be derived from classical stories.
(C) The material is an important element in a sculpture.
(D) Designing a sculpture is a more creative activity than carving it.
(3) The word "dictates" in line 8 is closest in meaning to
(A) reads aloud
(B) determines
(C) includes
(D) records
4. How does direct carving differ from the nineteenth-century tradition of sculpture?
(A) Sculptors are personally involved in the carving of a piece.
(B) Sculptors find their inspiration in neoclassical sources.
(C) Sculptors 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

共 1/7 页首页上一页1234567下一页尾页

相关文章

    英国英国 澳大利亚澳大利亚 美国美国 加拿大加拿大 新西兰新西兰 新加坡新加坡 香港香港 日本日本 韩国韩国 法国法国 德国德国 爱尔兰爱尔兰 瑞士瑞士 荷兰荷兰 俄罗斯俄罗斯 西班牙西班牙 马来西亚马来西亚 南非南非

       Europe (24-hours)
       EN:13917206902
       china (24-hours)
       CN:13917206902
    
    在线客服团队
        全天候24小时在线客服
          QQ:949925041 
      

    微信公众订阅号