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代写丹麦论文:关于丹麦历史的介绍

论文作者:英语论文网论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2011-12-09编辑:dhj123点击率:1866

论文字数:2108论文编号:org201112091324189119语种:英语论文 English地区:丹麦价格:免费论文

关键词:丹麦历史纳粹德国挪威

摘要:During the Pre-Roman Iron Age (500 BC – 1 AD), native groups began migrating south, although the first Danish people came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age,in the Roman Iron Age (1–400 AD). The Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, and Roman coins have been found.

The earliest archaeological findings in Denmark date back to the Eem interglacial period from 130,000–110,000 BC.Denmark has been inhabited since around 12,500 BC and agriculture has been evident since 3900 BC. The Nordic Bronze Age (1800–600 BC) in Denmark was marked by burial mounds, which left an abundance of findings including lurs and the Sun Chariot.thesis/" target=_blank>留学生论文代写

During the Pre-Roman Iron Age (500 BC  – 1 AD), native groups began migrating south, although the first Danish people came to the country between the Pre-Roman and the Germanic Iron Age,in the Roman Iron Age (1–400 AD). The Roman provinces maintained trade routes and relations with native tribes in Denmark, and Roman coins have been found in Denmark. Evidence of strong Celtic cultural influence dates from this period in Denmark and much of North-West Europe and is among other things reflected in the finding of the Gundestrup cauldron.

Historians believe that before the arrival of the precursors to the Danes, who came from the east Danish islands (Zealand) and Skåne and spoke an early form of North Germanic, most of Jutland and some islands were settled by Jutes. They were later invited to Great Britain as mercenaries by Brythonic King Vortigern and were granted the southeastern territories of Kent, the Isle of Wight among other areas, where they settled. They were later absorbed or ethnically cleansed by the invading Angles and Saxons, who formed the Anglo-Saxons. The remaining population in Jutland assimilated in with the Danes.

A short note about the Dani in "Getica" by historian Jordanes is believed by some to be an early mention of the Danes, one of the ethnic groups from whom the modern Danish people are descended. The Danevirke defence structures were built in phases from the 3rd century forward, and the sheer size of the construction efforts in 737 are attributed to the emergence of a Danish king. The new runic alphabet was first used around the same time, and Ribe, the oldest town of Denmark, was founded about 700.

 

丹麦在公元9到11世纪逐渐形成统一的王国。11世纪开始逐渐向外扩张,并征服了英格兰和挪威。1219年,丹麦国王曾经为教皇远征利沃尼亚的异教徒,国王瓦尔德玛二世带领在战况不利下祈祷胜利,一面红白十字的旗帜从天而降,顿时丹军士气大增,战况亦大为好转,这面旗子成为了丹麦国旗。据说这面国旗是世界上最早的第一面国旗,后来欧洲各基督教国家制定国旗都是依据丹麦国旗的原则,今天的斯堪的纳维亚国家仍然沿用。

1397年的卡尔马联合将包括了今天的瑞典、挪威、芬兰、冰岛、格陵兰以及法罗群岛在内的所有疆土都置于丹麦君主的统治之下。瑞典和芬兰(当时属于瑞典)在1523年脱离联合,丹麦还在1658年割让了南斯堪的纳维亚的一片土地(斯科讷、哈兰、布莱金厄)给瑞典。1814年拿破仑战争后,挪威被割让给瑞典。冰岛在20世纪脱离丹麦独立,而今天的格陵兰和法罗群岛则获得自治权。

1940年4月9日丹麦被纳粹德国占领,直至二战结束。战争结束后,丹麦成为北约以及欧盟(1973年正式加入)的成员国。

 

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