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On the Import ance of Estuary English i n the U. K. [2]

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-06-14编辑:lisa点击率:4745

论文字数:3000论文编号:org201006141322386222语种:中文论文 Chinese地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:Estuary Englishcharacteristicsstatus

th isdistinction does not apply—the precise quality of the f i2nal vowel in happy is not so i m portant .Yod coalescence . It is the use of [ ts ] ( a ch2sound) rather than [ tj] ( a t2 sound plus a y2 sound) inwords like Tuesday, tune, attitude . Th is m akes the f ir stpart of Tuesday sound iden tical to choose, [ tsu: z ]. Thesam e happens w ith the corresponding voiced sounds: theRP [ d j] of words such as duke, reduce becom es Estuary[ dz ], m ak ing the second part of reduce identical toju ice, [ dzu: s ]. 
   Anyway, the Estuary English is s omething newthat takes p lace in the devel opment of the English lan2guage . It has taken on s ome of the l ocal featureswhichare considered as non2standard . So it is generally con2sidered t o be a new variety . But it is not t otally l ocal .The phenomena of h2 dropp ing and th2 fronting whichare typ ical cockney are not involved in the p r onuncia2ti on of the Estuary English:h2 dropping or om itting [ h ]. Cockney“hand onhea rt”becom es som eth ing like [% { nd Qn A: ]“’ andon ’ eart” .th2 fronting, using labiodenta l fricatives ( [ f, v ] )instead of denta l fricatives ( [ T, D ] ) . This turns“Ith ink”into [A I“f I N k ] and m other into [” mVv@ ].In the same way, the RP is als o taking on s omel ocal features . For examp le, the dr op of the phonetic /j / is very common . Schoenberger . gave us such wordsas“news”or“tune”as examp les . However, this phe2nomenon came int o the RP a l ong ti me ago and it isnow considered t o be part of the RP accent . Other ex2amp les include words such as“abs olute”and“salute”in which the / j / s ound is not p r onounced . In the sameway, it is very common not t o p ronounce the / j / afterthe / s/ in words like“suitable” , “p resume” , “as2sume”and“consume” . This feature is considered t obe non2standard . However, it could als o be arguedthat these are now the established form of the RP ac2cent . I f you still stick t o the rigid standard form andpay no attenti on t o the new form, peop le will think thatyou are superficial and conservative .The p ronunciati on of the / r / s ound in the EstuaryEnglish is t o s ome degree si milar t o the American / r /s ound . But the / r / s ound in the EE does not have ret2roflecti on which is obvi ous in the American English:The realization of / r/ is differen t from tha t in RPand Cockney, bu t si m ilar to the GeneralAm erican r . Forthe r of Genera l RP, the tip of the tongue is held close tothe rea r pa rt of the upper teeth ridge and the central pa rtof the tongue is lowered . In the typica l“Estuary”rea li2za tion the tip of the tongue is lowered and the centra lpart ra ised to a position close to, but not touching, thesof t palate .     Vowels in any language are very i mportant . Thevowels in“Estuary English”are als o considered t o bethe p ri mary element of the variety and they lie s ome2where bet ween the vowels of the unmodified regi onalfor ms and those of the General RP . For examp le, the /i : / s ound in the word“me”is a l ong vowel, but in theEstuary English, it becomes l onger than that . And the/ I/ s ound in“city”als o has a greater length . Somepeop le say these vowels have acquired the quality of adi phthong . Whatever they say, the vowels in the Estu2ary English have become l onger than before .Many phonetic features from the cockney have al2s o come int o the Estuary English . And this makes itthe variety easier t o be accep ted by the ordinary peo2p l论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。
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