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On the Import ance of Estuary English i n the U. K.

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2010-06-14编辑:lisa点击率:4653

论文字数:3000论文编号:org201006141322386222语种:中文论文 Chinese地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:Estuary Englishcharacteristicsstatus

[Abstract] Estuary English, as a new variety of English, lies s omewhere in the middle bet ween the Received Pronunciati on (or RP) and London speech . It has p r ominent phonetic and grammatical features, and iswidely sp read in England . Some peop le say itmay rep lace the Received Pr onunciati on in the future while others argue it is i mpossible for this t o happen . Itmay be safe t o p ropose that Estuary English is si mp ly a regi onal dialect and can never rep lace the Received Pronunciati on .
    I . I n troducti on
    It is commonly acknowledged that the English lan2guage is the mostwidely s p read language in the world .On the other hand, there are many varieties of Englishthat are s poken by different gr oup s of peop le . Nowa2days a s pecial variety of English, “Estuary English” ,iswidely s p read in England, and experts and teachersof English are paying a l ot of attenti on t o this phenome2non . However, this phenomenon is not an entirely newmatter . It has been going on for a l ong ti me . It is a va2riety of modified regi onal s peech and a mixture of non2regi onal and l ocal s outh2 eastern English p r onunciati onand int onati on . I f one i magines a continuum with theRP and London s peech at either end, Estuary Englishs peakers are t o be found gr ouped in the middlegr ound . 
   As the name suggests, the ter m“Estuary Eng2lish”was ass ociated with the banks of the Thames Riv2er and its estuary . This variety of English is mainlyused by peop le al ong the banks of the Thames . Atp resent, it seems that the variety is becoming the mostinfluential accent in the s outh2 east of England and evenin other parts of the country . You can hear many peo2p le s peaking this accent in England nowadays . It is of2ten found t o be s poken by higher classes such thestates men and rich business men as well as l ower2 classpeop le in England .     II . Character isti cs of Estuary Engl ish 
   1 . At the phonetic level
    The Received Pr onunciati on is held t o be thestandard accent and is widely s p read and used in uni2versities and T V stati ons . On the other hand, the Lon2don s peech, als o known as Cockney, is a l ocal dialectand is usually ass ociated with a l ow s ocial status . Thet wo varieties have their res pective characteristics . Thenew variety, Estuary English, is seen t o have featuresfrom both of them. The foll owing characteristics areconsidered t o be typ ical of the l ocal London s peech .According t o Wells, nowadays these characteristics areals o found in the p r onunciati on of the Estuary English:l2 vocalization, pronouncing the l2 sound in certainpositions al m ost like [ u ], the use of w where the RP uses l in the f inal position or in a f inal consonant cluster .
    For exam ple, “m ilk2 bottle”is pronounced like“m iuk2bottoo” , and h ill is pronounced as [ h I U ].HappY2tensing, using a sound m ore si m ilar to the[ i : ] of beat than to the [ I ] of bit a t the end of wordslike happy, coffee, valley . M any recent works on Eng2lish phonetics transcribe this weak vowel as [ i ], whichcan then be interpreted in various ways according to thespeaker’ s accent . In strong sy llables ( stressed, or po2tentially stressed) it is crucial to distinguish tense long[ i : ] from lax short [ I ], since green m ust be distinctfrom grin and sleep from slip . B ut in weak sy llables 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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