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Definition of public management theory and characteristics公共管理理论的定义与特征

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:课程作业 Coursework登出时间:2013-08-15编辑:yangcheng点击率:1690

论文字数:25000论文编号:org201308142047222227语种:英语论文 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:公共事业管理管理公共服务

摘要:公共管理兴起于20世纪70年代,伴随着行政管理的改革而出现的一个新概念。对于公共管理的定义,学术界至今没有一个统一的说法,许多学者从不同的角度赋予公共管理不同的解释。

卡尔森和欧尔曼认为“公共管理是对行政的一般方面科技整合的研究…..它将人力、财政、物资、信息和政治资源的管理与管理学的计划、组织和控制职能相融合[1]”。休斯认为“与管理相比,行政的范围更小,功能更有限,因此,从公共行政到公共管理的变化意味着理论和功能的变化。”

Carlson and Ou Erman that "public management is the administration of general aspects of technology integration research ..... it human, financial, material, information and political resources management and management planning, organization and control functions of the integration [ 1]. " Hughes that "compared with the management, administration range is smaller, more limited, therefore, from public administration to public management change means theoretical and functional changes." [1] and our understanding of public management scholars have also not exactly the same. Mr. Wang Lefu that "the main body of the public administration in order to solve common problems and achieve the public interest, the use of public power is applied to the management of public affairs social activity" [2]. Mr. Zhang Chengfu that "public management as the core of the government's public sector forces of social integration, extensive use of political, economic, administrative, legal methods, and strengthen the government's capacity to govern, and improve government performance and quality of public services, in order to achieve the public welfare and the public interest [3]. "Mr. Chen Qingyun that" public administration of government and non-governmental public organizations, have in the use of public power to deal with the process of social and public affairs, in the maintenance, promotion and distribution of public interest, and to the public to provide the required public goods (services) management activities carried out "[4]. I believe that the public management of the government as the core of multiple subjects, in order to achieve the public interest, public interest involving various social and public firms implement effective governance.

根据上述观点,公共管理应具有以下主要特征:一是公共管理的对象是社会公共事务。公共管理是对国家和社会公共事务进行治理的活动,是对普遍需求的公共物品和公共服务的组织与管理。二是公共管理主体具有多元性。
According to this view, public administration should have the following main characteristics: First, the object of public administration public affairs. Public management is the state and society to govern the activities of public affairs, is a widespread demand for public goods and public services are organized and managed. Second, the public administration body has diversity. As the traditional mode of inheritance and development of public administration, public management, its main feature is the expansion of public affairs governance body. Not only is the subject of public administration departments should also include non-government public sector. Whether governmental or non-governmental voluntary action by the public sector, or other social actors with their cooperative actions between, have a certain "representative, official, public welfare, and the statutory powers of [5]." (Lefu Chen dried whole: "The public nature of public administration and social analysis of the similarities and differences", contained "Chinese administration", 2002 6) three public administration in order to pursue the public interest for the purpose. Public management target public affairs, public affairs behind any embody and reflect a certain public interest. In public administration, public management body must be public public demand, and effective solutions to public problems, to pr论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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