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英语论文范文:国际与发展中国家的合作

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:学术文章 Scholarship Essay登出时间:2014-10-03编辑:yangcheng点击率:4855

论文字数:3439论文编号:org201410011257136051语种:英语论文 English地区:马来西亚价格:免费论文

关键词:发展中国家国际贸易税收制度Economics Essay

摘要:本文是一篇分析国际与发展中国家的合作的留学生论文,今天,大多数发展中国家很大程度上都严重依赖于外部资源,如官方发展援助(ODA),借贷或融资的公共支出和预算的外国直接投资流动。这些类型的收入来源很容易挥发,并在支持发展成长。严重依赖于这些资源引起的不确定性,破坏了经济发展的政策。

主动加强国际与发展中国家的合作


今天,大多数发展中国家很大程度上都严重依赖于外部资源,如官方发展援助(ODA),借贷或融资的公共支出和预算的外国直接投资流动。这些类型的收入来源很容易挥发,并在支持发展成长。严重依赖于这些资源引起的不确定性,破坏了经济发展的政策。 


2002年3月,联合国(UN)在墨西哥蒙特雷举行的国际会议发展筹资和生产蒙特雷共识发展筹资。其中规定共识动员发展国内金融资源。根据共识,有效,高效,透明和问责制,以调动公共资源和政府管理的使用是必不可少的。认识到必须确保财政的可持续性,以及公平和有效的税收制度和管理,以及改善政府支出不排挤生产性私人投资被认为是国内资金调动的一部分。此外,根据达成的共识,加强促进发展的全球经济系统支持的有效性的方法之一是通过鼓励有关多边机构和相关工作的国际税务合作,通过加强对话,各国税务当局之间更好的协调区域组织,向发展中国家国家的需求和经济转型给予特别关注。


Initiative To Strengthen International Cooperation With Developing Countries Economics Essay

Today, most of developing countries are heavily depend on large extent of external resources such as Official Development Assistance (ODA), borrowing, or foreign direct investment flow in financing their public expenditure and budget. These types of revenue sources are very prone and volatile in supporting development growth. Heavily dependency on these source cause uncertainty and thus undermines development policy.

In March 2002 United Nation (UN) held international conference on financing for development in Monterrey, Mexico and produce Monterrey Consensus on Financing for Development. One of the stipulated consensuses is mobilizing domestic financial resource for development. According to the consensus an effective, efficient, transparent and accountable system for mobilizing public resources and managing their use by Governments is essential. Recognizing the need to secure fiscal sustainability, along with equitable and efficient tax systems and administration, as well as improvements in public spending that do not crowd out productive private investment is considered as part of domestic financial resources mobilization. Moreover, according to the consensus, one of the ways to strengthen the effectiveness of the global economic system’s support for development is by encouraging international tax cooperation, through enhanced dialogue among national tax authorities and greater coordination of the work of the concerned multilateral bodies and relevant regional organizations, giving special attention to the needs of developing countries and countries with economies in transition.

Focusing in taxation revenue becomes priority since the number or tax evasion and avoidance in developing countries far away exceeding the amount Official Development Assistance they received. Secretary General OECD Angel Gurría noted that Developing countries are estimated to lose to tax havens almost three times what they get from developed countries in aid. If the amount of illicit money can be effectively used for financing development, the amount of ODA can be reallocated for other useful project.

Another consensus regarding taxation development as key to enhancing macroeconomic policies and mobilizing domestic public resources is Doha Declaration on financing for development in Doha-Qatar, 2008. In this declaration, the related parties agree to enhance tax revenues through modernized tax systems, more efficient tax collection, broadening the tax base and effectively combating tax evasion and finally undertaking these efforts with an overarching view to make tax systems more pro?poor. While each country is responsible for its tax system, it is important to support national efforts in these areas by strengthening technical assistance and enhancing international cooperation and participation in addressing in论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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