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多伦多论文-披碱草与老芒麦亲缘关系及抗性生理性对比

论文作者:英语论文网论文属性:职称论文 Scholarship Papers登出时间:2012-02-16编辑:kalila点击率:2747

论文字数:5585论文编号:org201202161025004458语种:英语论文 English地区:加拿大价格:免费论文

关键词:加拿大披碱草老芒麦抗性生理亲缘关系

摘要:多伦多论文-披碱草与老芒麦亲缘关系及抗性生理性对比The Studies on Genetic Relationship between Elymus Canadensis and E. Sibiricus and Their Resistance Physiology-本研究以具有优良抗性的加拿大披碱草(Elymus canadensis L.)及披碱草属模式种老芒麦(Elymus sibiricus L.)为试验材料,通过SSR分子标记试验,分析了二者之间的遗传距离及二者与普通小麦间的亲缘关系,为将牧草优良抗性基因导入小麦提供理论依据。同时盆栽模拟不同干旱程度及设置不同盐分梯度胁迫,研究了加拿大披碱草及老芒麦在逆境胁迫下生理生化指标的变化,以期揭示二者抗性机理。

多伦多论文-披碱草与老芒麦亲缘关系及抗性生理性对比The Studies on Genetic Relationship between Elymus Canadensis and E. Sibiricus and Their Resistance Physiology-Elymus canadensis L. were introduced from the United States, the tests found that it had good resistance to drought and salt. The study selected Elymus canadensis L. and Elymus sibiricus L., which is the type species of Elymus, as the materials, through simulated the different degrees of drought, and different concentration of NaCl, Na2CO3,to study the change of physiological and biochemical indexes of the Elymus canadensis L. and the Elymus sibiricus L.. Used the SSR markers to search the genetic distances of Elymus canadensis L. and Elymus sibiricus L..

Then studied the genetic relationship between two materials and the Triticum aestivum Linn.. To provide theoretical basis for importing the excellent resistance gene of the forage to the wheat .The main results asfollows:1. The genetic relationship between the Elymus canadensis L. and Elymus sibiricus L. Screened 46 primers from the chromosome of the Wheat, there were 33 primers were effectively.

These primers expanded 1309 alleles, each primes could expand 32.7 alleles averagly.The SSR results showed that, the genetic similarity of the Elymus canadensis L. and Elymus sibiricus L. was 0.56, geography distant leaded the result. The genetic similarity between the Elymus canadensis L. and the Triticum aestivum Linn. was 0.76.The study also found that, the hybrid F1 of the Elymus canadensis and Elymus sibiricus L. was more closer to the female parent, Elymus canadensis . It’s genetic similarity with the Elymus canadensis was 0.85, the genetic similarity with the Elymus sibiricus was 0.72. The genetic similarity between the Triticum aestivum Linn. and the F1 was 0.75, even higher than F1 and the Elymus sibiricus .2. The drought resistance physiological characteristics of Elymus canadensis and Elymus sibiricusUnder drought stress,the malondialdehyde increased was the initial response of Elymus canadensis and Elymus sibiricus,the MDA destroyed the function and structure of the membrane, then the conductivity increased. Remove peroxide of superoxide dismutase (SOD) increased, the chlorophyll degraded. As osmoregulation substance, the content of the proline and soluble sugar increased. 

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The drought stress influenced the photosynthesis of two materials. The Pn、Tr and Gs decreased too. WUE increased. Gs decreased and WUE increased contemporary indicated that the photosynthetic rate reduced by non-stomata factors.3. The Salt-tolerant physiological characteristics of Elymus canadensis and Elymus sibiricusWhen the salt concentration was the lowest, malondialdehyde of Elymus sibiricus increased first, then the activity of the SOD increased. The variation of content of proline was the minimum. The original damage of the Elymus sibiricus was membrane damaged, the activity of the SOD increased. Then the Metabolic disordered, chlorophyll degraded. The membrane permeability increased. As osmoregulation substance, the content of the proline and soluble sugar increased.When the salt concentration was the lowest, conductivity of Elymus canadensis increased first, then the malondialdehyde increased. The variation of content of proline was the lowest. The original damage of the Elymus canadensis was membrane damaged, conductivity increased. Caused hurt material-MDA. Then the Metabolic disordered, chlorophyll degra论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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