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代写美国硕士课程作业-挑战以家庭为基础的自我就业奖励-Coming Home Again: The Challenges and Rewards of Home-Based Self-Employment

论文作者:留学论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 dissertation登出时间:2011-06-22编辑:anterran点击率:8845

论文字数:14718论文编号:org201106221500412303语种:英语 English地区:美国价格:$ 44

关键词:代写美国硕士课程作业familyhome-based businessself-employmentwork妇女定性


Coming Home Again: The Challenges and Rewards of Home-Based Self-Employment


Messiah College
This article focuses on ways of negotiating and balancing work and 代写美国硕士课程作业family as identified byin-depth qualitative interviews with 20 women working as Mary Kay consultants. Areassuch as detailed descriptions of work structures, how the women did their work, how theybalanced their work and family demands on a daily basis, and their perceptions of how familyobligations and gender influenced their choice of a job and their job experiences were investigated.Data revealed that women negotiate work and family using spatial, behavioral,temporal, social, and psychological strategies to manage internal and external temporal andspatial boundaries. Further research should continue to explore the interaction of workandfamily with other home-based self-employed occupations.


Keywords: family; home-based business; self-employment; work


“Where do you work?” is a relatively new question in human history, although
human beings have always worked while providing care for allfamily members including dependent children and the elderly. Prior to industrialization,however, almost everyone lived close to where they
worked. A little more than 100 years ago, nearly 90% of all Americanswere self-employed, and many worked from inside their homes (Berner,1994). However, in more recent times, this dropped to fewer than 9% ofAmericans (Berner, 1994), and the connections between work and familylife became obscured by what Kanter (1977) called the myth of separateworlds, which assumes two worlds that operate according to their ownlaws. In still more recent years, however, sweeping economic, social, anddemographic changes have transformed both the family and the workplace.
Due to increasing work and family pressures, there has been a re-513
Author’s Note: An earlier version of this article was presented at the annual meeting of theNational Council on Family Relations, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, November 1998. I thankRaeann Hamon, Amy Swanseen, Rachel Gore, and Sara Moorhead for their helpful comments
on earlier drafts of this article. This project was funded by a Faculty ScholarshipGrant from Messiah College, 1997.
JOURNAL OF FAMILY ISSUES, Vol. 24 No. 4, May 2003 513-546DOI: 10.1177/0192513X02250754
© 2003 Sage Publications
Downloaded from https://jfi.sagepub.com at University of the West of Scotland on November 27, 2009
cent trend towardworking from home. People nowstruggle with negotiating
and balancing work and family in new and different ways.
Home employment has been labeled as home-located production,
home working (Felstead&Jewson, 2000), home-based work, home work(Christensen, 1988), or telecommuting (Nilles, 1982). Often terms areused interchangeably to describe “any paidwork done in the home regardlessof the employment status of the worker” (Christensen, 1988, p. 2),that is, in relation to those who work at home some of the time (Presser &Bamberger, 1993). These terms also cover “work that is either done exclusivelyin the home or based out of the home” (Christensen, 1988, p. 2).The defining feature of home-located production is its spatial location.Researchers have envisioned this space as a field within a series of overlappingsocial relationships (Bourdieu, 1990): “The totality of relationshipswithin this field—including the interac论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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