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英语翻译论文:南非民主进程探析之博塔的改革战略

论文作者:英语论文网论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2012-01-12编辑:dhj123点击率:4553

论文字数:16304论文编号:org201201120943148156语种:英语论文 English地区:南非价格:免费论文

关键词:民主进程博塔总战略种族隔离制度

摘要:Facing the political , economic and social turmoil caused by the Soweto riots , Prime Minister (later Presi2dent) Pieter W. Botha proposed and implemented the Total Strategy : to substantially reform the system , includingchanging the apartheid system; to resolutely suppress the opposition to the apartheid regime , especially the ANCguerrilla attacks.

Abstract :Facing the political , economic and social turmoil caused by the Soweto riots , Prime Minister (later Presi2dent) Pieter W. Botha proposed and implemented the Total strategy : to substantially reform the system , includingchanging the apartheid system; to resolutely suppress the opposition to the apartheid regime , especially the ANCguerrilla attacks ; to vigorously win him sympathy and support abroad and to stabilize the situation in neighbouringcountries and areas , aiming at preserving the apartheid system and the white - rule. His reform measures ledVorster’s adjustments of race policy to de Klerk’s ending of apartheid , forming an integrated part of the process ofthe democratic reform and improving the conditions for the black people. However , his suppression policy failed tocurb the domestic violence and solve the economic problem , eventually he was increasingly losing support from thewhites and non - whites and almost losing control of the situation of the country which resulted in the suspension ofthe democratic reform in South Africa.英语论文网www.51lunwen.org
Key words : Botha ; democratic reform; Total Strategy ;South Africa ;apartheid
 摘 要:博塔任南非政府首脑期间,面对索韦托暴动引起的政治、经济与社会动荡和国内外的新形势,提出和推行改革总战略:对不适应南非现代化建设和政治稳定的现存制度进行改革;坚决镇压反抗白人统治、破坏社会秩序的行为;全力营造一个有利于改革总战略的国际环境。其目的是维护白人统治和种族隔离制度。他的改革在沃斯特的种族政策调整与德克勒克的民主改革之间架起了一座桥梁,起到了承前启后的作用,将南非的改革进程带入一个新阶段,一定程度上改善了黑人的处境。但博塔的镇压造成国内局势紧张并迅速恶化,以至于到了几乎失控的程度,改革进程陷入停顿。
关键词:南非;民主进程;博塔;总战略;种族隔离制度
Skin, BoDa, Evans (Pieter w. Botha, 1916-2006 years) is South Africa history controversial figure. In the heads of government period (1978-1984 years as prime minister, 1984-1989 years as President), he put forward the general strategy reform, on the one hand, the continuity and promote wo, the reform of the government open, will be South Africa's reform process into a new stage, the modernization process in South Africa played the role of builting; On the other hand, still insisted on the policy of racial segregation principle, do not hesitate to use violence against black people in the crackdown, cause violence upgrade, domestic situation nearly out of control, that he has had to face the next back soon court of interrogation. Based on the general strategy BoDa the background, content and its historical status and role is thoroughly discussed.

皮埃特•博塔(Pieter W. Botha , 1916 - 2006 年) 是南非历史上颇有争议的人物。在任政府首脑期间(1978 - 1984 年任总理,1984 - 1989 年任总统) ,他提出了改革总战略,一方面延续和推动沃斯特政府开启的改革,将南非的改革进程带入一个新阶段,在南非现代化进程中起到了承前启后的作用;另一方面,仍然坚持种族隔离的政策原则,不惜使用暴力手段镇压黑人的反抗,造成暴力冲突升级,国内局势几近失控,以至于他在下台后不久就不得不面对法庭的讯问。本文拟就博塔总战略的背景、内容及其历史地位和作用作较深入的探讨。

In 1976 marked SuoWeiTuo riots, South Africa into the political, economic and social unrest period. Riots and black consciousness movement since the early s break the black in the political arena since the silent, and change the history of the South African track, the struggle for black violence provide organization and prepared examples. At that time a year only 12 years old to foreign journalists black boy said: "we know that we are going with rebel who, this is one of Africa's most powerful army. To get it, we will die a lot of ten thousand people. But we ready."

以1976 年索韦托暴动为标志,南非进入了政治、经济和社会动荡时期。暴动和黑人觉醒运动打破了自60 年代初期以来黑人在政治舞台上的沉寂,改变了南非历史沿革的轨迹,为黑人的暴力反抗斗争提供了组织范例和思想准备。当时一位年仅12 岁的黑人男孩对外国记者说:“我们知道我们是要跟谁对着干,这就是非洲最强大的军队。要想干掉它,我们会死掉好多万人。不过我们早有准备。”
Tens of thousands of black youth to guerrilla warfare training camp, accept system guerrilla tactics training. Not 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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