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二语英语和三语日语学习者的语言学习策略使用状况对比思考 [2]

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2022-07-04编辑:vicky点击率:5309

论文字数:42522论文编号:org202207021715588891语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 66

关键词:英语毕业论文

摘要:本文是一篇英语毕业论文,本文基于二语和三语学习者使用学习策略的主题,本研究的主要发现可以总结如下:首先,根据对策略使用总体趋势的描述性统计,二语和三语学习者都使用了中等水平的学习策略。

better on this basis.

Chapter 2 Literature Review

2.1 Theoretical framework

2.1.1 Fundamental concepts

This section mainly introduces some fundamental concepts connected with LLSin the present study.

The definitions of LLS have always been debated for a long time among scholars.Chamot (1987) put forward that learning strategies are skills, methods and consciousbehaviors used to optimize learning process and strengthen the memory of languageand information. Rubin (1987) proposed that learning strategies are kinds of strategymechanisms conducive for learners to constructing their own systems for languagedevelopment independently, and thus affecting their learning performance directly onthis basis. Oxford (1989) claimed that learning strategies are specific actions taken bylearners to make their language learning more effective, interesting and autonomous.Ellis (1994) advocated that learning strategies are mental activities or behaviors oflearners associated with a particular stage embedded in their entire process oflanguage acquisition or language use. Cohen (1998) pointed out that languagelearning and language use strategies can be defined as a kind of process that learnersconsciously choose. This process may lead learners to take measures to use or learn asecond language and foreign language by means of storing, retaining and recallinginformation about language. According to Anderson, LLS could be defined as“conscious actions that learners take to improve their language learning” (Anderson,2005, p.757). Griffiths also formulated a definition concerning LLS based on the sixcrucial peculiarities, that is, “active nature, consciousness, learners’ choice ofstrategies, goal orientation, regulation of learning and focus on learning”. 

2.2 Previous studies of L2 and L3 learning strategies abroad

Although multilingualism has become a fact of life in the last few decades,multitudinous previous works still be defeated in discussing L3 learners’ strategy useand how it might differ from strategy use of L2 learners either in this trend (e.g.,Cohen, 2011; Cohen & Macaro, 2007; Oxford, 2011). Generally speaking, many earlyresearchers (e.g., Nation & McLaughlin, 1986; Nayak et al., 1990; Thomas, 1988)have demonstrated that “multilinguals tend to employ a greater number of strategiesand that they may do it better than monolinguals or bilinguals in the process oflearning’’ (Jessner, 2008b). However, with respect to the issue that whether thisdiscourse is correct or not has not yet been confirmed completely even though most ofthe current studies on L2 and L3 learning strategies have reached similar conclusionswith it.

Research on L2 and L3 learning strategies abroad were relatively comprehensive,appreciating a great development potential and fruitful achievements. Moreover, auniversal feature was detected obviously in these studies, that is, Oxford’s SILL wasemployed as a research mechanism to analyze strategy use of different learners.Firstly, some studies took university-level students as their research subjects, and thegeneral conclusion obtained by them was that multilinguals tend to adopt morelearning strategies and even they adopt learning strategies more frequently andefficiently than bilinguals or monolinguals (e.g., Jessner et al., 2016; Kemp, 2007;Merkelbach, 2011; Mißler, 2000; Psaltou-Joycey & Kantari论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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