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马来西亚留学生写的旅游业留学作业

论文作者:jessica论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2014-11-04编辑:jessica点击率:6006

论文字数:5607论文编号:org201411032138266051语种:英语论文 English地区:马来西亚价格:免费论文

关键词:马来西亚Malaysia公共交通public transportation

摘要:马来西亚的公共交通设施,在未来的几年内该国家对于旅游的发展和交通设备又有怎么样的规划和发展呢?

私营企业旅游运营业绩

公共交通是必须由政府为其公民提供的基本服务。马来西亚开始寻求转型,成为2020年的一个发达的国家,要实现目标,关键是要有舒适,可靠和负担得起的世界级的公共交通系统。据交通运输(2012)部的有关规定,要解决具有高效率的运输网络,面对城市人口的几个主要的交通问题,如在高峰时段人流量大的拥堵,不可靠的服务,取消和频繁的延迟和难以获得公共交通服务和网络。事实上,多年来马来西亚已经投资了许多公共交通规划和发展计划项目。然而,使用率依然不佳而且使用私家车的不断上升。这种情况表明,以前和现在办法(PEMANDU,ND)都有缺陷。由于公共交通是市民的社会和经济生活中非常重要的这一事实,由首相拿督斯里纳吉布·敦·阿卜杜勒·拉扎克的政府转型(GTP)计划大规模改进计划于2009年Novemer已经展开。

该程序的名称是国家关键成果领域(NKRA)。有以下NKRA计划,其中之一是提高城市公共交通(UPT-NKRA)。 UPT-NKRA的目标可能根据它执行的相位不同而定。下面是需要在2012年底实现的几个目标。在2010年底把巴生谷的从七点到九点的早上高峰阶段的公共交通比例从11%提高到15%,在2012底提高到25%,随后在槟城和柔佛州新山应用成功的设施,提到可信度和旅行次数。提高乘客的舒适度及方便度。提高设施的使用性和联通性,在2012年使居住在离交通路线400米以内的人口从63%增加到80%.


Performance Under Private Company Operation Tourism Essay

Public transportation is an essential service that must be provided by the government to its citizen. As Malaysia begins to transform itself to become a developed country in 2020, it is a crucial to have comfortable, reliable and affordable world-class public transportation system to meet the target. According to the Ministry of Transportation (2012), by having efficient transport network, several main transport issues faced by urban populations such as high traffic congestion during peak periods, unreliable service with cancellations and frequent delays and poor access to public transport services and network can be addressed. In fact, Malaysia has already invested in many public transportation planning and development program over the years. Yet, the utilization rate is still poor and the use of private vehicles is continuously rising. This situation indicates that there are flaws within the previous and current approach (PEMANDU, n.d). Due to the fact that public transportation is very important to the social and economic life of the citizens, a plan of massive improvement under Government Transformation (GTP) Program had been launched in Novemer 2009 by the Prime Minister Dato’ Seri Najib Tun Abdul Razak.
 
The name of the program is National Key Result Area (NKRA). There are 6 initiatives under NKRA program and one of them is to improve urban public transportation (UPT-NKRA). The objective of UPT-NKRA may different based on the phase of its implementation. Below are several objectives that need to be achieved by the end of 2012.

Improving the public transport modal share from 11% to 15% by the end of 2010 and to 25% by the end of 2012 during the morning peak period of 7am to 9pm in the Klang Valley and will subsequently adapt and apply successful initiatives to Penang and Johor Bahru;Improving reliability and journey times; Enhancing commuters' comfort and convenience; and Improving accessibility and connectivity so that the percentage of the population living within 400 metres of a public transport route increases from 63% to 80% in 2012.

(Source: Ministry of Transport Malaysia 2012)

According to Dye (1984), public policy is defined as “whatever government choose to do or not do”. Dye definition is too broad to be really meaningful but by defining policy in such a way, it is possible to determine the actual or working policy of a government based on what government do or not do (Gunggut, 2006),

As for him , it is not enough to look at the written documents such as laws and cabinet decisions but what is actually being done or not being done by the government. In this paper, policy refers 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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