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##### 科学哲学的问题归纳法研究：Philosophy of Science:The Problem of Induction

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Philosophy of Science: U.S.R.
The Problem of Induction
December 08, 2005
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INTRODUCTION

There are three main types of scientific reasoning: Deduction, Original 代写留学生论文Induction, and inference to the best explanation (“superinduction”). In this paper, I will argue that the rational response to the problem of induction is pragmatic rationality. We should not reject the conclusion draw from Induction methods immediately, because sometimes the best explanation and only method in scientific reasoning to explain the world is superinduction. Firstly, I will discuss what the problem of induction is, in different perspective. Secondly, I will support my claim by examples and theories. And then I will give explanations to contradict any counter arguments, and reach to a final conclusion.

What is Induction?

To understand what the problem of induction is, we first need to understand what Induction is. Original Induction means that we draw the conclusion from things we have experienced or examples we have seen. In other words, from given premises, we reach to a conclusion of object. This method certainly has its veracity. People always use their past experience as a standard to judge similar situations. Use an example from the notes, every blood test prove one is type O, then we can inducted that the next blood result will also be Type O. And this assumption is absolutely legitimate.

WHAT IS THE PROBLEM OF INDUCTION

Every premise in Induction is a single aspect, and the conclusion is ampliated to a much bigger range including all the given premises and non-given premises. This means that sometimes not all premises have been discovered and included into consideration, there might be a possibility that we have missing some critical premises which will make the conclusion false.

CONCLUSION

The problem of induction have been a myth for a long time, many scientists proposed ways to solve it, but all failed. Perhaps there really is no way to solve the problem. However, we could use inference to the best explanation to get the most suitable explanation for the current time. As science has been, is and will always be improving, new explanations will be proposed and old theories will be waived. For any http://www.51lunwen.org/StudentPapers.htmlnew hypothesis, it should at least be examined by Giere’s six steps program first to see if it is valid.

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