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fashion and culture assignment

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2014-12-12编辑:Cinderella点击率:2407

论文字数:2786论文编号:org201412112250057188语种:英语论文 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:fashion industrydesignstitching technologies时尚

摘要:本文介绍了随着工业革命的到来和科学技术的进步,20世纪全球流行的时尚现象。

时尚从本义上讲,指的是被大众广泛认同的风格或者是鞋子、食品、服装等物品的设计。然而,时尚在今天有了更加深层和本质的含义,正如著名法国设计师香奈儿所言,“时尚不是只存在于穿着上的东西。时尚在天空里,在街道上;时尚和我们的思想、生活方式、正在发生的事物都相关。”自古以来,它就是人们自我表达、自我定位和个人性格特征反映的最重要的形式。它是社会、文化和气候力量的产物。19世纪以前,服装都是由裁缝定做的,适应每一个人的需求。然而,随着20世纪的到来,缝纫科技广泛传播,人类社会步入了工业化时代,服装行业因此也迎来了标准化潮流。那也正是时尚产业出现的时刻;从今以后时尚这个概念登上了历史舞台。一个典型的时尚周期是像这样的:

 

“introduction”标志着新风格的开端,这一趋势逐渐被大众熟悉,获得人气。”culmination”指的是这一趋势的发展顶峰,而”decline”意味着一种风格或者趋势的结束。图表显示,伴随着人造纤维的流入,比如说莱卡、弹性纤维和纤维胶,一种成功人士的时尚在10世纪80年代达到了顶峰。也正是在这一年,时尚和人们的表现紧密联系起来,被看做是身份地位和专业主义的象征。

 

Fashion in its literal sense is a term coined for a generally adopted style or design in shoes, accessories, clothing etc. (Christopher Breward , 2003). However, today it has a much deeper, intrinsic meaning as the famous French designer, Coco Channel (1883-1971) puts it, “Fashion is not something that exists in dresses only. Fashion is in the sky, in the street; fashion has to do with ideas, the way we live, what is happening.” It has, since time immemorial, been the foremost form of self-expression, self-definition and a reflection of one’s personality. It is a product of social, cultural and climatic forces that inhibit societies. Before the 19th century clothing was tailor made to suit the needs of each individual (Roland Barthes , 1990). However, at the advent of the 20th century, the idea of standardized clothing became more popular as sewing and stitching technologies became widespread and the world moved into the era of industrialization (Roland Barthes , 1990). It was then precisely that the fashion industry was born; henceforth the concept of fashion came into existence. A typical fashion cycle looks like the following:

 

The introduction marks the beginning of a new style, trend whereas the rise marks a gain in popularity and familiarity. Culmination is the highest point or peak of the trend and decline marks the end of a style or trend. The graph shows that the peak of elitist fashion was reached in 1980’s marked by the influx of synthetic fibers such as Lycra, Spandex, and viscose. It was this year that fashion became highly correlated with performance and was used as a status symbol as well as a symbol of professionalism.

 

Although, fashion has its roots since time immemorial, the history of fashion design is no older than the mid 19th century when Charles Fredrick Worth launched his first fashion house in Paris. Ever since, the concept of fashion designers has dominated the fashion world. Throughout 20th century, almost all of the high end fashion spread from Paris and London. The boundary between haute-couture and daily wear garments was not strictly defined. At the onset of this century, the concept of fashion photography emerged as did fashion magazines. The world of fash论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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