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Church-State Relations and Secularization

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2014-05-31编辑:lzm点击率:13641

论文字数:6388论文编号:org201405301727222779语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:Church-State RelationsSecularization政教关系世俗化基督教教会

摘要:世俗权力的丧失,深刻地改变了教皇。几个世纪以来,教皇已经不仅是精神领袖,也是罗马和意大利中部的时空领袖。

Church-State Relations and Secularization-政教关系与世俗化


纵观历史,已开发出多种基督教教会和政府,有时和谐,有时冲突的关系。基督教教会和政府之间的关系的主要形式是在很大程度上植根于不同的角度在基督教圣经。基督教圣经不是一本书,而是一个收集的书籍,有超过一千年的历史,含有非常多样的宗教和政府的观点。

Throughout history there has developed a variety of relationships between Christian churches and governments, sometimes harmonious and sometimes conflictual. The major forms of relationships between Christian churches and governments are in large measure grounded in various perspectives in the Christian Bible. The Christian Bible is not a single book, but a collection of books written over more than a millennium and containing very diverse perspectives on religion and government.


一个角度来看,代表的诗篇,这是在耶路撒冷圣殿的赞美诗,高举王几乎是神圣的位置,坐在神的右边(诗110:1 ) ,并接受国家的地球的继承(诗2:8 ) 。加冕圣歌庆祝国王的神的特殊关系。此观点占主导地位的自我理解犹大的君王,古代以色列南部的部分。

One perspective, represented by the Psalms, which were hymns sung in the Temple in Jerusalem, exalts the king to an almost divine position, sitting at the right hand of God (Ps 110:1) and receiving the nations of the earth for an inheritance (Ps 2:8). Coronation hymns celebrate the king’s special relationship to God. This perspective dominates the self-understanding of the kings of Judah, the southern part of ancient Israel.
In sharp contrast, the prophet Samuel denounces kings as crooks and oppressors who are allowed by God only as a concession to human sinfulness. Samuel warns the tribes of Israel that if they choose to have a king, the king will draft their young men into his army and put the young women to work in his service. In this trajectory, prophets, armed only with the conviction that they have been called by God to proclaim the Word of God, repeatedly stand up to the kings of ancient Israel and denounce their sinfulness. Thus Samuel condemns Saul, Nathan condemns David, and later prophets like Isaiah and Jeremiah condemn the kings of their times.
Meanwhile, in the Gospel of John, Jesus tells the Roman governor Pontius Pilate that his kingdom does not belong to this world (Jn 18:36). This suggests a separation of responsibilities between civil governance and religious leadership. Repeatedly in the gospels, when people want to make Jesus a king, he slips through their midst and escapes. His mission is to proclaim the reign of God, not to establish a worldly kingdom.
There are also various covenants that set forth the relationship of God and God’s people (Gen 9:8-17; 15:18-21; Ex 20; Deut 5); a covenant in the ancient Middle East was a solemn agreement that bound both parties to observe certain obligations. The covenant with Noah was made by God with all of creation. The covenant with Abraham initiated a relationship with Abraham and his descendants forever. The covenant made with Moses at Mt. Sinai became the central framework for the relationship of the people of Israel to God. The Book of Deuteronomy renews and reflects upon this covenant a generation later, as Moses is at the end of his life.
These four options would shape, respectively, later Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Lutheran, and Calvinist views of the proper relation between church and state. The political theologies of the later Christian tradition consist in large measure of a series of conflicting appropriations of these perspectives. One can read the major political options taken by later Christian communions as developing one or more of the 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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