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城市交通困境及解决方案

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:课程作业 Coursework登出时间:2016-01-05编辑:zhaotianyun点击率:8914

论文字数:3189论文编号:org201512091521159806语种:英语 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:交通城市规划transport dilemmas

摘要:本文是城市规划专业留学课程论文范文,主要讲述了城市化进程中,用来规划和缓解城市交通困境的分析及解决方案。

规划和分析城市交通困境的及解决方案
Planning And Urban Transport Dilemmas Analysis And Solutions


随着现在越来越多的人居住在城市,超过历史上任何一次,城市化一直是当代最主要的流程。城市交通问题是最重要的,支持其使用的形式同时移动乘客和货物。城市交通是高度复杂的,由于涉及的模式,来源和目的地、交通和城市的丰富。多年来,城市交通的主要目标一直在乘客随着城市被视为最大的位置与错综复杂的交通模式与人类交互通勤、商业交易以及休闲和文化为基础的活动。今天城市已经被公认作为生产地点、消费和转化为货运运动的分布。城市交通是重要维度的流动性,特别是高密度地区最著名的城市。

多年来,城市交通的主要目标一直在乘客随着城市被视为最大的位置与错综复杂的交通模式与人类交互通勤、商业交易以及休闲和文化为基础的活动。今天城市也公认的位置生产、消费和分布转化为货运运动。城市交通是一个重要的维度的流动性,特别是高密度地区最著名的城市。

交通拥堵是大城市一种最普遍的交通问题。尤其与机动化和汽车的扩散相联系,这增加了对交通基础设施的需求,常常没能跟上增长的流动性。因为交通工具花大部分的时间停车,机动化扩大了对停车位的需求,尤其是中部地区创造了空间消耗问题。同时,许多部分公共交通系统正在使用。在所谓的“高峰时间使用,造成了过度拥堵,系统为个人创造对临时需求激增的不适应。
 
Urbanization has been one of the most dominant contemporary processes as a more people live in cities now, more than ever before in history. Urban transportation issues are of foremost importance to support its uses in the form of moving both passengers and freight. Urban transport is highly complex because of the modes that are involved, the abundance of both origins and destinations, and urban traffic. For many years, the primary focus of urban transport has been on passengers as cities were viewed as locations of utmost human interactions with intricate traffic patterns linked to commuting, commercial transactions along with both leisure and culturally-based activities. Today cities are also recognized as locations of production, consumption and distribution, which translate to freight movement. Urban transit is an important dimension of mobility, most notably in particularly high density areas of cities.
 
Cities are locations having a high level of economic activities and are complex spatial structures that get its support from public transport systems. Problems arise when available transit systems cannot satisfy the requirements of urban mobility. Some problems have been prevalent from the beginning of civilization, like congestion. Other problems are relatively new like urban freight distribution or environmental impacts.

Congestion is one of the most prevalent transport problems in large urban areas. It is particularly linked with motorization and the diffusion of the automobile, which has increased the demand for transport infrastructures, which has often not been able to keep up with the growth of mobility. Since vehicles spend the majority of the time parked, motorization has expanded the demand for parking space, which has created space consumption problems particularly in central areas. Also, many public transit systems, or parts of them, are either over or under used. During the so-called 'peak hours' of use, overcrowdedness creates discomfort for individuals as the system copes with a temporary surge in demand. Low ridership makes many services financially unsustainable, particularly in suburban areas. In spite of significant subsidies and cross-financing, like as in tolls, almost every public transit systems cannot generate the sufficient income to cover both its operating and capital costs.
 
There are also notable difficulties for pedestrians that result from intense traffic, where the mobility of pedestrians and vehicles is impaired, and also because of a blatant lack of consideration for pedestrians in the physical design of facilities.
 
Also, there is an issue in regard to the loss of public s论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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