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基于语料库的英汉词类原型范畴探究

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2023-11-03编辑:vicky点击率:546

论文字数:56966论文编号:org202310271041212112语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 66

关键词:英语语法论文范文硕士论文范文

摘要:本文是一篇英语语法论文,本研究进一步发现英汉词类范畴具有相似的原型效应,以高实体性和能产性的名词为原型逐渐向形容词/动词、副词以及其他封闭词类拓展,形成一个原型-边缘连续统。但英语形容词和叹词比汉语具有较高的使用频率,导致其在各自语言词类范畴中的地位有所差异。

本文是一篇英语语法论文,笔者认为坚持以使用为基础语言观,以高频词为主要观察对象,本文旨在探究英汉词类范畴的特点,以期从类型学角度充实词类的认知研究。

Chapter One Introduction

1.1 Research Background

英语语法论文怎么写

The study of word classes is the basis of grammar research in both English and Chinese. Palmer (1971), while rejecting the division of word classes in early grammar studies, recognizes the importance of word classes in linguistics. From past studies, it is not difficult to find that there have been divergences in word classes. In the pursuit of a precise and perfect word-class system, the study of word classes should not be limited to theory but focus on application, looking for a usage-based interpretation of word classes. Nowadays, the study of language from a cognitive perspective has become a major direction in linguistic research, which offers new approaches to the study of word classes. 

Cognitive linguistics regards word classes as categories based on prototype theory (Hopper & Thompson, 1984; Bhat, 1994; Croft, 2001; Taylor, 2001; Cacoullos, 2002), which treats the relation between word classes as the relationship between categories. Yuan (1995) has also given a system of Chinese word-class categories based on prototype theory, but Zhao and Wang (2008) argue that this view of prototypical categories is not scientific on the basis of the psychology of subjectivity. In particular, the degree of prototype or typicality should reflect the differences in members within the same category rather than the distinction between categories. The previous analyses of word-class prototypicality are dominated mainly by semantic features without due attention to their usage-based situations. Therefore, it is necessary to organically combine the prototypical analysis of semantic categories with the usage-based context. Following cases like “fine” and 通 show their multiple word classes as their usages vary. 

1.2 Research Contents

This current research, exploiting the high-frequency word lists compiled from the English and Chinese corpora, mainly investigates the word classes of high-frequency words in English and Chinese from the perspective of cognitive semantics. The usage-based principle of cognitive linguistics is followed to systematically and comprehensively observe and describe the distributions and cognitive tendencies of these word classes. Then, from a cognitive perspective, combined with conceptual space theory (Gärdenfors, 2014), the prototypicality of word classes is analyzed in depth. Moreover, comparing the prototype characteristics of the word-class category in English and Chinese, the thesis summarizes the cognitive mechanisms of the word-class extensions. At the same time, with the essential characteristics of word classes in English and Chinese explained, the cognitive differences behind the use of word classes are to be revealed in the two nations. Specifically, the following questions will be addressed: 

(1) What are the cognitive prototype effects of English and Chinese word classes? 

(2) What are the cognitive typological groundings for English and Chinese word-class prototypicality and extensions? 

Language reflects empirical reality, and as language communities live in different physical and social backgrounds, the prototypes of word classes must be different. On th论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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