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History Essay on Rwanda Genocide – 1994

Genocide by definition is the systematic and intentional destruction of cultural, racial, or political group. It can also be defined as systematic and deliberate destruction of religious, racial, ethnic, or political group. In the 194 United Nations General Assembly declared that genocide was punishable crime. From the declaration, genocide may be committed by government, group, or individual either against an individual’s own people or to other people either during peacetime or wartime (Merriam Webster, Incorporated, 2013).

Both Rwanda and Burundi were the last places to be occupied by the Europeans. For many centuries, the Tutsis – tall cattle-rearing individuals hailing from the upper reaches of the River Nile and had infiltrated the area that had been previously dominated by the Hutu and they would later begin dominating them. From the historical records, there was the reign of Rwabugiri in the 1860 and he controlled the region the size of the current Rwanda (Peace Pledge Union, n.d.). This realm was constituted on the feudal basis where the Tutsis were aristocratic whereas the Hutus played the second fiddle as their vassals. The country is located in central Africa toward the east. It is surrounded by bigger nations such as Tanzania on the East, Democratic Republic of Congo on the West, Uganda on the North East and Burundi on the South (Peace Pledge Union, n.d.).

Rwanda has 26,338 square kilometers, an equivalent of 10,169 square miles. It is 149th largest nation and compares to the Maryland State in the United States or Haiti. The country has an altitude that is generally high with the lowest point being Rusizi River with 950 meters or 3117 feet above sea level. It is a landlocked country that lies a few degrees to the equator’s south. Its capital is Kigali which is almost at the center of the country (Peace Pledge Union, n.d.). The country has rivers such as Nyaborongo, Ruvubu, and Kager. It also has mountains which dominates the western and central Rwanda. It has lakes such as Ihema, Rweru, Burera, Ruhondo, Muhazi, and Kivu being the largest of them all. Rwanda was first colonized by the Germans and later the Belgians took over the reigns of colonialism until 1962 when the nation achieved its independence. The Belgians administered colony from 1924 in Ruanda-Urundi. The Belgian rule took two centers of power administration. The first administration was centered in Brussels – the Belgian Congo. Whereas, the Ruanda-Urundi’s administration was left at the hands of aristocrats of Tutsi people. The Belgians ruled on the basis of distinction between the Hutu and Tutsi as the epitome of their system of colonialism (Peace Pledge Union, n.d.).

Before the genocide, Rwanda was occupied by three tribes with a total population of seven million people divided into three ethnic groups. The Hutu had 85%, the Tutsis had 14% and lastly, the Twa had 1%. The Twas were the remnants of the indigen论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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