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论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2023-11-25编辑:vicky点击率:262

论文字数:48555论文编号:org202311211102312750语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 66




Chapter One The Lack of Female Discourse Power in TheGolden Notebook

1.1 Obstacles in Writing


Foucault gives a detailed explanation of the process of knowledge-powermechanism constructing the subject.On the one hand,Foucault points out thatmodern power is always combined with knowledge to construct seemingly neutralscientific discourses,but in fact these discourses contain a series of standards toregulate the behavior of subjects.For example,the behavior of modern women mustconform to the concept of“female”.Criteria are contained in the category ofbiological nature.On the other hand,Foucault uses the metaphor of the panopticon toillustrate that the individual is constantly internalizing these standards and becomingthe subject required by the knowledge-power mechanism.The metaphor of thePanorama Prison refers to the basic characteristics of the power structure of modernsociety,that is,as the Panorama Prison has set up a central monitoring station,theprisoners cannot see whether the monitor is monitoring or not,but must monitor themselves all the time,thereby becoming a tame prisoner.The subjugation of thesubject in modern society is not maintained by law,but through the subject’scontinuous self-monitoring,internalizing the knowledge standards of powerconstruction(Sunanlikanon,2020).

The state of the heroine Anna,a writer,in The Golden Notebook reflectsLessing’s complicated state of mind in the 1960s when her thoughts changed rapidly.In 1969,Lessing said in an interview that“The Golden Notebook took place in an eraof fragmentation.Since the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima,the world hasbeen torn apart”.The Golden Notebook is set in London in the 1950s and 1960s.Dueto the impact of the Second World War,the original values and moral standards inEurope collapsed,and the humanitarian thought and idealism as the spiritual pillar ofthe West were consumed by the cruelty of the war.The chaotic world after World WarII not only troubled people’s minds,but also brought a strong spiritual impact tointellectuals who were concerned about the world situation(Connell,2011).

1.2 Disillusionment of Political Ideals

Because Foucault opposes the modern political theory based on people withuniversal rationality,and believes that any universal setting will cause internalrepression to the subject,Foucault denies the theoretical value of an active universalsubject category.(Letseka,2013)The political status of marginalized groups itselfdetermines that they are constantly being constructed by various power mechanisms,and their resistance is to create a language and culture with their own uniqueness.

In 1997,Lessing explained his political orientation to Salon:“In a short time wewill have justice,equality,equal pay for equal work for women,disabled people,black people-cut people,etc.This kind of empty talk is believed by the mostintelligent people,and it intrigues me.”As an intellectual with a strong sense of socialresponsibility,Lessing has always maintained her left-wing stance,but paradoxically,she herself pessimistically considers it an“empty talk”.This is precisely the politicalattitude Lessing herself gives Anna in The Golden Notebook:she is well aware thather literary circle i论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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