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论中西方鬼文化的差异:A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE GHOST CULTEURE IN CHINESE AND WESTERN CULTURES

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:作业 Assignment登出时间:2014-08-05编辑:yangcheng点击率:16621

论文字数:5211论文编号:org201408011121519263语种:英语论文 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:鬼文化文化差异价值观观念差异跨文化交际

摘要:本文首先介绍了鬼文化的定义及价值。鬼文化是人类活动的产物,也是人类社会文化的重要组成部分。其次介绍了中西方人对鬼的认知,展现中西方人的鬼文化观念差异。文学和民俗是文化诠释人类世界的手段。因此,本文在文化层面上从文学和民俗角度浅析中西鬼文化存在的差异;并在此基础上分析总结出中西鬼文化差异的原因。通过浅析中西鬼文化,了解中西方人价值观的差异,从而促进跨文化交际。

本文首先介绍了鬼文化的定义及价值。鬼文化是人类活动的产物,也是人类社会文化的重要组成部分。其次介绍了中西方人对鬼的认知,展现中西方人的鬼文化观念差异。文学和民俗是文化诠释人类世界的手段。因此,本文在文化层面上从文学和民俗角度浅析中西鬼文化存在的差异;并在此基础上分析总结出中西鬼文化差异的原因。通过浅析中西鬼文化,了解中西方人价值观的差异,从而促进跨文化交际


现如今有着各种各样的鬼故事,因为没有现实的物理接触,人们开办了公共的娱乐场所叫鬼屋,设计了受人欢迎的鬼魂形象——吸血鬼等等,从鬼传说到流行恐怖小说,人们开办了万圣节化装舞会,所有这些显示鬼魂的神秘感的东西,吸引了不同年龄不同知识水平和社会状态的人。
 
1 Introduction
 
Nowadays, form all kinds of ghost stories to realistic physics encounter, form the ghost images in the popular Vampire Diary to the public place of entertainment named haunted house, from the ghost legends to popular horror novels, form from Halloween to the ghost costume party, all of those show the mystery of the ghosts, which attracts people of different ages, knowledge levels and social statuses. People think that their thoughts and feelings are not physical behavior but behavior of the soul in their body and disappear after their death. In Engels's opinion, the reason why people think like that is that human of high antiquity do not know their physical structure and they are influenced by the scene in their dream. (qtd. in 汪纷玲173). In remote antiquity, people began to think about the relationship between the soul and the world: now that souls exist even after death, they will not disappear by themselves. Then the idea of immortal souls and ghosts gradually forms. Ghost is a fruit bared by human thoughts. There must be some relationship between the mysterious ghost phenomenon and human society (John Fiske 6). That is to say, ghost is a mirror that reflects human world. Once the concept of ghost exists, it will permeate into people’s thoughts and influence their view of world (汪纷玲 169). In addition, ghosts involve in many other parts of culture. Just as Xu Hualong mentioned that ghost was related to many academic circles such as literature, folk-custom, art, philosophy, psychology and religion (徐华龙 1). Hence, research in ghost culture provides a good foundation for research of literature and folk-custom (qtd. in 冯立32). So what’s the meaning of ghost? What’s the moral images and meaning in Chinese and western literature? What’s the relationship between those ghosts and human being? What’re the characters of ghost in religion in Chinese and western folk-customs? This paper will illustrate these questions.
 
2 Introduction to ghost culture
 
According to Oxford Advanced Learner’s English-Chinese Dictionary, “ghost” was defined as “the spirit of a dead person appearing to somebody who is still living person” (“Ghost,” def. 620). After thousands of years, ghosts still remain mysterious to human being. On the way of probing ghosts, human produced many products of ghosts, such as ghost novels, ghost related customs, ghost art, and all these make up the ghost culture.
 
2.1 Definition of ghost culture
 
In late 19th century, anthropologist Edward Burnett Taylor found that before the religion came into being, man was scared of death. They were surprised at not only the difference between dead body and living human body but also the phenomenon of breath and dream (qtd. in许祥麟 77). Consequently, they supposed that a man was composed of two parts: body and soul. And then the concept of ghost formed. The ancient Chinese philosopher Xun Zi thought ghost was a product created by human. People think that they actually see the ghost, in 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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