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美国自由贸易的研究essay [2]

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:学术文章 Scholarship Essay登出时间:2015-01-27编辑:Cinderella点击率:11556

论文字数:2950论文编号:org201501261406178266语种:英语 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:international marketfree trade自由贸易

摘要:本文以美国为例,介绍了自由贸易政策对国际市场和互惠互利经济关系的有力帮助,以及自由贸易政策对劳动力市场的影响。

ecline and trade deficit.

 

North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed in 1993, is a free trade and investment agreement that provided investors with a unique set of guarantees designed for stimulating FDI and the movement of factories, jobs within the hemisphere, especially from the United States to Canada and Mexico. It does not contain any protections to maintain labor or environmental standards, favoring the investors. NAFTA increased the unemployment within the agricultural sector of Mexico such that there were 6.8 million unemployed agricultural workers in Mexico (corn producers being worst affected) at the end of 2004, according to the Economic Policy Institute reports. Even though NAFTA has sharpened Mexico’s agricultural problems, but it can’t be blamed wholly for the country’s struggling economic sectors. Latin American Regional Report says that the existed subsidies to support Mexican farmers are usually given to large-scale operations. Rich farmers and Agribusiness men receive more aid and neither pay income tax nor irrigation costs; contrastingly, leaving only insignificant amounts of support to the poorest and smallest Mexican farming operations, which is limited to subsidized fertilizer and awards from the Procampo program which was instituted by the Mexican government in order to curb the migration which resulted from NAFTA.

 

It also increased the immigration of Mexicans to the U.S., which also brought various economic benefits, as the laborers are not competing with U.S. born educated persons. Free trade and immigration are therefore interlinked and the supporters and opponents of free trade are also divided in their opinion. Conservatives support Free trade measures generally but not the immigration policies whereas Liberals support open immigration but are against the Free trade measures. U.S. is tackling the situation very well by implementing policies that can stimulate both the Mexican as well as the U.S. economies.

 

The trade deficit would remain largely unaffected without a change in the aggregate levels of savings and investment. The exported subsidies by the Government would not be effective in reducing the trade deficit. President Clinton proposed in response to the Asian financial crisis, federal budget in 1999 increasing the subsidies to U.S. exporters through the Export-Import Bank., which would stimulate foreign demand, by allowing certain exporters to lower their prices on sales abroad. Bidding up of the dollar's value in foreign exchange markets will take place due to greater demand for dollars needed to buy U.S. goods. Similarly the effective price of U.S. exports would be raised generally, if the dollar is stronger offsetting any price advantage gained by the subsidies. Therefore the Total exports and the Trade deficit would remain unchanged. Only diversion of exports from less favored to more favored sectors will take place due to subsidies.

 

Theoretically, by influencing a nation's level of savings and investment, a trade policy can indirectly affect the trade deficit such as a 论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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