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International Trading essay:WTO世界贸易组织

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:短文 essay登出时间:2015-11-04编辑:chenyuting点击率:10401

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International Trading essay:WTO世界贸易组织





The world trade organisation

The World Trade Organisation ('WTO') is located in Geneva, Switzerland. It was established in January 1995 having been created by the Uruguay Round negotiations of 1986-94.

Membership is around 146 countries at present.The WTO is a combination of agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world's trading nations. These agreements consist of legal ground-rules for international commerce, which are contractual obligations, that are binding on the governments, offering transparency and predictability.

The WTO retains the essential core business of its predecessor, GATT, in negotiating and enforcing rules for market access in industrial goods, but has gone further than the GATT. It now provides rules for market access in agriculture, textiles and clothing, and services; it has a strong agreement on intellectual property protection; and more detailed coverage of trade procedures, such as on subsidies, technical barriers to trade, sanitary standards, customs valuation and import licensing to name a few.

One of the main roles of The World Trade Organisation is to settle disputes between countries. For example Canada settled a trade dispute with Europe on Wednesday that will lead to the country dropping its six-year-old complaint at the World Trade Organization over European restrictions on imports of genetically modified food. In 2003, Argentina, Canada and the United States separately challenged the way the European Union handles genetically modified food imports. Three years later, the trade body ruled that Europe's methods from 1984 to 2004 were effectively a ban on genetically modified products and illegal under the trade agreement. Canada's complaint with Europe was focused on exports of canola, an oil seed. But that problem was actually resolved some months ago.

In exchange for Canada's dropping its trade complaint, the World Trade Organisation settled the dispute and Europe agreed to meet twice a year with Canadian officials to review the European Union restrictions on genetically modified food. Those sessions will also try to ensure they approve new biotech products at the same time.

Clearly the WTO has established a free market, offering access to other Members, whilst ensuring hat neither country's produce is discriminated against. Done though a series of agreements, the Members have agreed to adhere to the rules laid down in a uniform manner to other Member countries or face being brought before the dispute settlement body with the possibility of compensation or sanctions.

With its similarities to the WTO, the EU is clearly one of the largest and most comprehensive entity combining fifteen member states. The European Commission speaks for the member states at almost all of the WTO meeti论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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