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留学生国际贸易相关report

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:报告 Report登出时间:2014-09-23编辑:zcm84984点击率:11580

论文字数:3435论文编号:org201409201249351367语种:英语 English地区:马来西亚价格:免费论文

关键词:关贸总协定整体化协议印度公司非关税壁垒

摘要:这篇留学生法律论文主要分析印度公司在美国所面临的问题,这份报告的目的是为了强调印度对美国出口时面临的不同问题和非关税壁垒。报告还建议利益相关方应该采取一定的措施。

印度公司在美国所面临的问题


这份报告的目的是为了强调印度对美国出口时面临的不同问题和非关税壁垒。报告还建议利益相关方应该采取一定的措施。


概要


经过连续几轮的关贸总协定谈判,关税等保护主义措施的直接模式都或多或少地被非关税壁垒(NTBs)和非关税措施(NTMs)取而代之。


对美国的印度出口面临着无数的非关税壁垒。


CII 所进行的一项调查显示,公司提出的了诸如缺乏整体化的协议,以及进口商安全申报表格和预先申报舱单规则的复杂性等问题。同时也提出了严格的标准、破产法、H1Bcap和政府采购政策等一些其他的问题。


由商务部在其动态数据库中为非关税壁垒和手段所确定的其他问题也包括在内。


在国家层面上,政府需要建立被国际机构所认可的测试和监控机制,准备风险评估报告来测试这个特定产品/测试的风险,是否足以证明符合进口国所规定的标准的高成本。

Issues Faced By Indian Companies In United States

The purpose of this report is to highlight the different issues and non-tariff barriers that Indian exports face in the US. The report also suggests steps to be taken by concerned stakeholders.

Executive Summary

After several successive rounds of GATT negotiations, direct modes of protectionism such as tariffs have been more or less replaced by Non-Tariff Barriers (NTBs) and Non-Tariff Measures (NTMs).

Indian exports face a myriad of NTBs in the US.

In a survey carried out by CII, companies raised issues such as the absence of totalization agreement and the complexity of the Importer Security Filing Form and the Advance Cargo Declaration Rule. Restrictive standards, bankruptcy code, H1B cap and government procurement policies are some of the other issues that were raised.

Other issues identified by the Ministry of Commerce in their dynamic database for NTBs and NTMs have also been included.

At the national level, the government needs to establish testing and monitoring institutes that are accredited by international bodies, prepare risk evaluation reports to test whether the risk that a particular product/measure poses is significant enough to justify the high cost of compliance to the standards imposed by the importing country.

At an international level, the government should sign equivalence agreements with its major trading partners, play a more active role in international standardization bodies, ask for technical assistance from bilateral and multilateral aid agencies, stop the practice of destruction of consignments without retesting.

Tables:

Table 1: Chapter 7 and 11 filings: Sector wise Analysis

Table 2: Buy America Requirements

Table 3: DB 2009 – Trading Across Borders

Table 4: Major NTMs maintained by US against Indian Exports

Table 5: Major NTBs maintained by US against Indian Exports

Figures:

Figure 1: Non-Tariff Barriers facing Indian exports in the United States

Figure 2: Exports to US in %

Figure 3: Future plans to invest in the US

Figure 4: Decline in Exports due to recession

Figure 5: Chapter 7 filings

Figure 6: Chapter 11 filings

1.a. Overview: Standards and Conformance Cooperation Program

Standards and their conformance influence 80% of India's exports to the US which was about US$ 21 billion in 2007-08. The India-USA SCCP is a proactive step for increasing bilateral exports.

The program acts as the gateway to access definitive information about standards, regulations and conformity Assessment mech论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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