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分析科技英语中的名词化现象及其翻译技巧-An Analysis of the Nominalization in EST and Its Translation Strategies

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:课程作业 Coursework登出时间:2014-05-11编辑:caribany点击率:7031

论文字数:2292论文编号:org201405102110566350语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:免费论文

关键词:科技英语Nominalization in ESTscience and technology科学和技术Specialized Science and Technology

摘要:随着世界经济的发展,科技英语应运而生,在科学和技术领域发挥了至关重要的作用。成为人们沟通的有效手段,应用在许多不同的科学领域,如数学,生物学,语言应用学等。

分析科技英语中的名词化现象及其翻译技巧-An Analysis of the Nominalization in EST and Its Translation Strategies

 

Ⅰ. Introduction  引言

如今科学技术在世界各地的经济发展中发挥着至关重要的作用。作为一种国际语言,英语已经实现帮助人们在科学和技术的交流。因此,很多科学和技术都非常重视英语(在下面的部分介绍科技英语)。
Nowadays Science and technology are playing a vital role in the economic development all over the world. As an international language, English has helped people with the communication in science and technology. Therefore, a lot of attention is paid to English for Science and Technology (briefed as EST in the following parts). Tremendous research has been made on this special English stylistic. Nominalization, as one of the most remarkable features of EST, has gained more and more interest. The enormous application of nominalization in EST makes the expression more objective, concise, and compact. In the meantime, it brings great convenience to the development of EST texts. However, its use also adds much more abstractness to the discourses and increases the difficulty in understanding and translating. What’s more, the different thinking habits result in the distinct ways in the development of EST passages. Taking all these factors into consideration, this thesis gives a detailed analysis of the nominalization in EST and accordingly three approaches are specifically summarized.
 
Ⅱ. Review of EST  科技英语的回顾


2.1 The Definition and the Scope of EST  科技英语的定义和范围

 

EST是英文科学与技术的缩写,它是一种特殊的英语文体。在1950年的第三次科学革命出现。在那个时候,科学技术迅速发展,因此,人们迫切需要一种特殊的语言作为沟通的有效手段,具有的简洁性,严谨性和客观性的特征。随着英语在世界各地蔓延科技英语应运而生。 科技英语是在许多不同的科学领域,如数学,生物学,语言学应用。一般来说,科技英语被分为两个子品种:英语专业科学与技术(ESST)和英语通用科技(ECST)。
EST is the abbreviation for English for Science and Technology and it is a  special English stylistic. In the 1950’s the third scientific revolution appeared. At that time, science and technology developed rapidly, therefore, people urgently need a special language as an effective means for communication, which possesses the features of conciseness, preciseness and objectivity. With the spread of English in all over the world EST came into being. EST is applied in many different scientific fields, such as mathematics, biology, linguistics. Generally, EST is divided into two subvarieties: the English for Specialized Science and Technology (ESST) and the English for Common Science and Technology (ECST).
2.2 The Characteristics of EST
2.2.1 The Grammatical Characteristics of EST
The grammatical features refer to a wide range including modification, clause types, sentence complexity and so on. In terms of these factors, EST shows its preference in choosing some certain patterns.
The first grammatical feature is the tendency to nominalization. In order to give the information objectivity, EST writings should avoid personal ideas, opinions and expressions as much as possible. Gradually it is realized that the use of nominalization can achieve the purpose perfectly. The use of nominalization makes sentences more precise, objective and compact; on the other hand, the simplification of the sentence can be fulfilled. That are the reasons that why nominalization can be found massively in EST works.
The second one is the predominance of the passive voice. Many scientists and engineers use passive voice wh论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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