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马塞诸塞州的老年医疗卫生不容乐观

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:学术文章 Scholarship Essay登出时间:2015-06-11编辑:g790726705点击率:10854

论文字数:3310论文编号:org201506111042423595语种:英语 English地区:美国价格:免费论文

关键词:

摘要:讲述马塞诸塞州一对夫妇面临的医疗保健难题,以及相关信息

德斯皮纳和她的丈夫彼得安泽罗普洛斯无法获得州政府的任何经济援助因为他们不享有免费医疗保健,他们非常担心自己的未来。这对夫妇早在他们70岁的时候就因为需要大量的药物而遇到类似的麻烦。


他们在萨默维尔市拥有一处房产,整天为了支付医药费而奔波。他们两夫妇平均每天都要服用八片药。德斯皮纳说,由于他们拥有房产,使得他们不得不通过社会保险A计划去支付医生出诊费用。B计划使得他们可以去医院接受治疗。问题是如果他们不得不去急诊室,那就要支付高昂的挂号费。


“医疗服务不应该受经济规律的支配,”安泽罗普洛斯说道。一个必要的项目不应该用经济学术语来对待,尤其是不应该金钱价格来衡量它。医疗保健是稀缺性的东西。从提供医疗服务的人员到解决健康问题的医疗设备以及药物。


安泽罗普洛斯的社会保险是处于630美元的最低水平,而且萨默维尔市的税率还在不断上涨。他们以很难维持这个家庭,所以不得不出租自己的房产。他们不得不一直出租第二层和第三层的公寓以保证稳定的收入。


Despina and her husband Peter Angelopoulos are not eligible to receive any financial help from the state because they don’t qualify for free health care, and they are extremely worried about their future. The couple, in their early 70’s, both have a series of Medical problems resulting in them taking heavy medication. 

They own a house in Somerville and they are struggling to pay for their medications. They average about eight pills a day each. Despina said that because they own a house they are forced to pay for doctor’s visits covered by their social security plan A. Plan B allows them hospital coverage. The problem is if they have to go to the emergency room, they have a high co-pay. 

“ Medical care should not be subject to laws of economics,” said Mr. Angelopoulos. An item of necessity should not be treated in economic terms, and especially should not have a money price placed upon it.” Health care is a scarce good. From the individuals who perform acts of medical care to the medicines and various medical devices used to deal with health issues. 

The Angelopoulos' social security is at the minimum of $630 each and with the taxes going up in Somerville, they have a hard time maintaining their old home so they can generate rent income from it. They have to rent both apartments on the second and third floor at all times to be able to have a steady income. 

“What will happen to us if we become disabled and need more care?” Mrs. Angelopoulos asked. “Do we have to sell our house to be able to afford better care when we need it the most?” 

The present system seems to help retirees with no income other than their social security. If you own your home, that is a problem. 

Medicare is an essential health care program for people age 65 and older, people with certain disabilities, and people with End-State Renal Disease. 

. Medicaid became law in 1965 and it is jointly funded by the federal and state governments to assist states in providing medical long-term care assistance to people who meet certain eligibility criteria. Medicaid is the largest source of funding for medical and health-related services for people with limited income. 

Recently, President Bush and Congress worked together to pass a new law to bring people with Medicare more choices in health care coverage and better health care benefits. 

The new law preserves and strengthens the current Medicare program, adds important new prescription drugs and preventive benefits, and provides extra help to people with low incomes. 

If one’s income is no more than $12,569 for a single person, and no more than $16,862 for a married couple they might qualify for a $600 credit on their discount card to help pay for their prescription drugs. 
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