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自由贸易在international trading发展中的重要性研究dissertation [5]

论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2015-05-09编辑:felicia点击率:32708

论文字数:12510论文编号:org201505082029388273语种:英语 English地区:澳大利亚价格:免费论文

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摘要:这是一篇有关自有贸易的问题澳大利亚毕业论文,通过简要论述自由贸易的概念和意义,进而剖析自由贸易在国际贸易中的重要性。

also increases investement opportunity of a country. Modern economists suggest that, savings by domestic and banking system, government savings and foreign exchange savings cannot only induce investment. Investment opportunities determine investment rather than savings. The growth of export will provide investment opportunities to home country, (Sandrum, 1994).


Theories suggest that, the relationship of export and economic growth is bi-directional. Economic growth may also increase export for a country. The effect of better learning and technological development, give rise to output. The growth of output ensures that domestic demand is met and export will expand. However, this technological process development or learning process development is not directly related to the export promoting policies (Jung, 1985). As the home country realizes economies of scale, expansion of export takes place. Investemnt (Grossman, 1991). Therefore, the bi-directional theory suggests that, GDP is a function of investment, that enhances export performance, and export increases investment opportunity, that is directed to GDP growth.


In the designing process of development Economics, entailed was dominant export passimistic theories, rather than export promoting views. After the end of world war II, import substitution strategies were to be followed by many countries. However, the initial phase of implementing import substitution strategies seemed ideal during that period, but the results of taking attempts to implement the import substitution strategies were not favorable for all economies. Economists found that, that export passimistic views were not justified for many economies that have reached a certain level of development, and industrialization. On the other hand, the import substitution trade policies laid undesirable effcts on balance of payment. As a result, the growing economies did not accept import substitution strategies, rather accept export promoting views (Adelman, 1984).


The growth led export is also suggested by theories. According to Bhagwati (1988), growth led export hypothesis is dominant when supply and demand is induced by growth. In such cases, anti-trade bias is turned down.The possibility of bi-directional causality prevails in many major theoritical literture (Grossman, 1991; Bhagwati J. , 1988).


On the other hand, Irma Adelman (1984) argues that, export-led growth is not the only open development strategy for a least developed country. The open development strategy that ensures the allocation of agriculturally driven resources may prove superior than the strategy for allocation of capital for investment resources. An alternative to the import substituion strategy, for a closed development approach, maybe an ADLI ( agricultural-demand-led-industrialization) strategy. It is important to identify the phase of closed development ideology, which is dominant after the era of Pro-agricultural strategy is over. Another theoritical literature similarly argued that, ADLI as a balanced-gowth-approach, can only be a mean, to attain the goal for developing countries need for higher growth, and the need for growing industrialization by expanding the demand for domestically produecd consumer goods and intermediate goods. The linkage effect论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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