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论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 dissertation登出时间:2022-09-02编辑:vicky点击率:1498

论文字数:52102论文编号:org202208221526475305语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 44



One Introduction

1.1 Research Background

In research of foreign language teaching,more and more studies on French as aforeign language have been acquired.Traditionally,acquisition research has focusedon vocabulary,syntax,writing,and so on.Phonetic acquisition is slightly less oftenstudied in research and teaching.We know that speech is the material shell oflanguage and a common carrier for daily communication.Accurate pronunciation isthe basis of effective communication.In the process of acquiring a foreign language,learners may have difficulty in communicating due to inaccurate pronunciation orperception,and fail to communicate.Therefore,the study of phonetic acquisition withFrench as a foreign language should be taken seriously.


In terms of phonetics,not only do Chinese and French have different vowelsystems,but the consonants are not in a one-to-one relationship.The contrast of stopsis particularly typical.Stop consonants are found in all languages and they arestrongly favored over fricatives in phonemic inventories across languages of theworld(Henton,Ladefoged and Maddieson 1992).When the stop is sounded,thetuning organs in the relevant parts are completely closed,and the lung airflow cannotescape through the mouth,which leads to an increase in the internal pressure of themouth after the resistance point,which erupts during the resistance elimination phase(Zhu 2010).This is a stop sound in a broad sense,which means the obstruction part iscompletely occluded during pronunciation.The stop studied in this paper takes itsnarrow definition,and specifically refers to the most common burst sounds.Thepronunciation of Chinese and French has the same point in the pronunciation part,including bilabial and alveolar and velar stops.The difference is that the stop sound inMandarin is distinguished by aspirating or not,while the stop sound in French isdistinguished by voiced or voiceless.

1.2 Research Questions and Methods

This study aims to investigate the following issues through pronunciation experimentsand perception experiments:

(1)Chinese learners'acquisition of French stops.

Because of the large differences between the Chinese and French stops soundsystems,the former uses aspirating strength as a distinguishing feature,and the latter uses voiced or voiceless as a distinguishing feature.In this paper,VOT is used as aparameter for the degree of stops acquisition,and pronunciation and perceptionexperiments are set up.In the pronunciation experiment,the word list designedincludes some French words and carrier sentences.These words are real French wordscontaining stops/b/,/p/,/d/,/t/,/ɡ/,/k/before the vowels/a/,/i/,/u/,andthe carrier sentences pattern is'Je maintenant dis'.Praat is used to extract the datafrom the recording.In the perception experiment,Praat is used to synthesize stimulussounds,followed by/a/.The VOT of each stop sound is from-150ms to 150ms in10ms steps.There are 31 synthesized sounds.Participants are required to identify thevoiced sound of the stimulus,and proceeded sequentially in different pronunciationparts.By comparing the acoustic and perc论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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