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菲利普·迪克小说中的拟像世界——以《仿生人会梦见电子羊吗?》、《流吧!我的眼泪》、《尤比克》为例

论文作者:留学生论文论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2023-10-23编辑:vicky点击率:492

论文字数:33656论文编号:org202310171430317684语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:$ 66

关键词:英语语言学论文题目拟像世界

摘要:本文是一篇英语语言学论文题目,本文从迪克总量颇丰的创作中选取了三部成熟期的作品,包括《仿生人会梦见电子羊吗?》、《流吧!我的眼泪》、《尤比克》。三部小说都描绘了极具不确定性和隐蔽控制性的拟像世界,在小说世界中,真实与非真实的界限被打破,主人公在超真实中沉浮,遭遇着主体性危机。

本文是一篇英语语言学论文题目,本文基于让·鲍德里亚的拟像理论,结合其技术哲学思想、媒介文化理论、消费社会理论,采用文本细读法,分别从科技、媒介、及符号这三个角度分析小说中的拟像世界,从而探讨后现代语境下“何以为人”这一命题。

CHAPTER ONE FROM REPRESENTATION TO SIMULACRA

1.1 The Problem of Representation in the Philosophy

英语语言学论文题目怎么写

Traditional Western metaphysics tries to know and grasp the objective worldthrough ideas,aiming to obtain the true cognition of things through their appearances.From Plato’s Idealism,philosophy has developed a dual-structure cognitive model basedon representation structure.While ontology inquires into the nature of existence,epistemology emphasizes using one’s subjectivity to know the world from reason,whichis also a representation in effect.The linguistic turn of the 20th century triggers doubtsabout the authenticity and reliability of language as a tool for representing the world,leading to a crisis of representation.

1.1.1 Ancient Greek Ontological Philosophy

The pre-Socratic philosophers put forward a series of“arche”.Thales considers thatthe first principle of all things is water,which is a philosophical proposition that makesThales the first person in the history of ancient Greek philosophy and the development ofontology.Anaximenes takes air as the arche.Heraclitus regards fire as the essence of the world,and the objective law governing all things.The Pythagorean school regardsnumber as the origin of all things.Based on his predecessors’philosophical thoughts,Plato put forward the“theory of ideas”.He believes that ideas are not only the essence ofthe objective world,but also the prototype of everything,and those concrete things innature are the representation of ideas.In addition,it is also worth mentioning that what isidentical to ideas is the copy,and what is different from ideas is the false image,thesimulacrum(Zhang Jinsong 20).

1.2 Jean Baudrillard’s Simulacra Theory

At the beginning of Simulacra and Simulation,Baudrillard quotes a fable mentionedby Borges in the short story“On the Accuracy of Science”.An imperial draughtsmandraws a map at a scale of 1:1,which covers the entire territory.The map is enlarged orreduced accordingly as the empire expands or cedes land.At this point,the map is nolonger a copy or abstract sign of the territory,but an equivalent and simulacrum of theterritory.In the end,the empire falls,but the map still survives.At that time,“theterritory no longer precedes the map,nor does it survive it.It is nevertheless the map thatprecedes the territory-precession of simulacra-that engenders the territory”(1).In thisway,the map acquires complete and nascent originality.This parable is a goodillustration of Baudrillard’s simulacra theory.

From an etymological point of view,the word simulacrum can be traced back to theancient Greek period,and its Greek etymology is“eidolon”,which has the doublemeaning of image and imitation.“The original Greek comes from two words:‘eidos’and‘eikon’.The former points to‘facing’and‘form’,while the latter indicates‘similarity’and‘likeness’”(Zhang Jinsong 19).“Eidos”and“eikon”both have the sense ofrepresenting something,demonstrating the lengthy history of the connection betweensimulacrum and representation.“Semulacre”,the Latin etymology of simulacrum,according to the Merriam-Wenster dictionary,appeared in English in the 1590s and wasused to describe artistic expressions such as sculptural works and paintin论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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