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论文作者:www.51lunwen.org论文属性:硕士毕业论文 thesis登出时间:2013-04-20编辑:hynh1021点击率:15149

论文字数:16300论文编号:org201304191336116558语种:英语 English地区:中国价格:免费论文




Chapter One Introduction引言

1.1 Overview评论
身份是什么人,我们是什么。它是指任何给定个体属于个性鲜明的一种对比,或共享一个特定的社会类别或组的所有成员。根据社会认同理论,人们往往会根据不同的社会群体的关系,确定自己的类别,或刻板印象(Tajfel和特纳,1986)。人们理解认同的观点“人罩,“一个人的自我,”或“个人”特征,由不同的特点,独特的,个人的,和私人的所组成。Identity is who and what we are. It refers to the distinctive character belonging toany given individual, or shared by all members of a particular social category or group.According to social identity theory, people tend to identify themselves in relation todifferent social groups, categories, or stereotypes (Tajfel & Turner, 1986). Peopleunderstand the idea of identity as “personhood,” “an individual self,” or “a personalfeature” composed of different characteristics that are unique, individual,.and private.In everyday life we find ourselves continually involved in identity rituals.https://www.51lunwen.org/yingyulunwengeshi/   In differentsituations, we behave differently. So the ‘who and what we are’ is dependent oncontext, occasion, and purpose, and it “almost invariably involves a semiotic processIof representation: symbols,narratives, and textual genres” (Blommaert, 2005:203). Infact, identity is semiotic, and every act of semiosis is an act of identity in which we"give off information about ourselves.The issue of identity is attracting increasing attention in linguistic theory.Halliday's view of language mentions identity as one of the aspects of social life whichis bound into grammar. More recently, Fairclough (1989), Wertsch (1991) and othershave taken up the ideas of Bakhtin's ways of writing about intertextuality andVygosky's social view of cognitive development. These ideas have fine-tuned ourunderstanding of the relationships between language and identity. It is generallybelieved that language is a means of expressing social identity. The simplest reason forthis statement is that language sets the parameters for speakers or writers.Academic discourse is also referred to as scientific discourse and the language ofscience. It plays a significant role in scientific development and administration. Inacademia, writing is seen as a way of helping to create a view of the world. Academicdiscourse is not only objective and informative, but interactive from the aspect of therelationship between writers and readers as well. Academic writers tend to ‘create aresearch space,(Swales,1990) by making contributions to the academic community.Recent research (e.g. Hyland, 2000, 2008a) clearly indicates that academic writing isnot a uniform body of discourse but varies according to disciplinary conventions,cultural expectations and writers’ professional status and experiences (Gotti, 2009). Inthe process of academic writing the academic writers may take into considerations ofthese conventions and expectations to make themselves accepted as qualified insidersin their respective communities. The production of writing is a manifestation of thewriter's identity.The process of developing the identity of an academic writer has been discussedin Ivanic (1998). Based on the social construction theory, Ivanic classifies fourinterrelated aspects of student's identity as academic writer: "auto-biographical self,,“discoursal self, “self as author", and “possibilities for self-hood”. She suggests thatthe first three writer identities are labeled under the heading of “aspects of the identityof an actual write论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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