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dz̸ҽѧӢʵĽѧӢѧϰӰ

ߣӢԣְ Scholarship Papersdzʱ䣺2012-02-29༭huangtian2088027ʣ3194

3488ıţorg201202292021254662֣ Chineseй۸

ؼʣҽѧӢѧ

ժҪͨҽѧӢĴԴѧʷͬʵȼоҽѧӢĽѧصз ҽѧӢʵĽѧʵʩԡ

dz̸ҽѧӢʵĽѧӢѧϰӰ

 

[ժҪ]ӴԴѧʷͬʵȼҽѧӢʵص,ԴΪ̽ҽѧӢʵѧ

 

[ؼ]ҽѧӢ ѧ

 

[Abstract]From the aspects of etymology,word formation,synonyms etc,the features of Medical English derivatives are discussed.And on the basis of this analysis the teaching methods of medical English derivatives are explored.

[Key words]Medical English;Derivatives;Teaching methods

 

ҽѧӢרҵʻԴ,ͨӢԭеҽѧйصĴʻ,ʹĴʻ,ϣĴʻ,ԼҽѧչҪô(ʸʹ׺)ͨɵĴʻ㡣ЩԴ,ռһ,ôͨɵĴʻ,ҲҽѧӢʡҽѧӢ,ʹƵʸ,ص,ҽѧӢѧһѵ㡣ʵѧϰѵҪ3:ƴдѡѺͱѡ

1ҽѧӢʵص

1.1ҪϣӢķչݱĹ˴ϣʻ,ϣĻȺҽѧķչ޴Ӱ,ǽľҽѧﶼϣغغϳɵ1[],ϣذһĹͨ϶ɡӴԴ¼:ϣ+ϣ,ࡣ,electrocardiogram(ĵͼ,electro-,cardio-,-gramͼ);+,,bactericide(ɱ,bacterio-ϸ,-cideɱ);ϣ++ϣ,ǰ,hyper-tension(Ѫѹ,hyper-,-tension),uterography(ӹӰ,utero-ӹ,-graphyӰ);ϣ/+,,malnutrition(Ӫ,mal-:,-nutri-tion:Ӫ)

1.2ͬڶҽѧӢͬʵ,ΪҽѧӢҪԴϣ,ԺܶҽѧӵзֱϣͬԼЩɵͬʡͬĴnephro-reno-()hyper-super-(,)-algia-dyni(aʹ);ֱϣĴɵͬ,hysterocarcino-mametrocarcinoma(ӹ)malnutritiondystrophy(Ӫ)ȵȡ

1.3Ժʹνʵָ֮ϵ,ҲԷ͹ʵϵ2[]ӢĴʻ,ͨ͸ϷĴʻ㶼Ե,ҽѧӢʻͨ,ҲԵԻ߼,嶼Խ,ͨ,ҽѧӢõϣشԼ200,漰йҽѧз档Щͨͬʽ϶ɵҽѧ,ȻϿûʵʵҽѧ,˵ϣعDZǾ޴ġҽѧķչ,һЩµļϳ,µƷҽеҲ,Ҫµҽѧʻµķֺ͸м¼봫,ӵо޴DZܵϣΪµṩȡ֮֮ߵġʲϡ

2ҽѧӢʵĽѧ

2.1ʴصĴԴҽѧӢҪϣ,ϣ˺˸ϣԡ˾,ϣνҽѧ,뵽ҽѧרҵ[3],ڽڴʸʹ׺ʱӦȸѧ(ϣ),ھʷĴڽʱӦѧʷԨԴ뱳ѿ﷦ζĴȤ񻰹½,ѧǵѧϰȤ,ǶЩصͼ,ﵽ°빦Чѧϰpsycho-ʸʱ,ԽԴϣеһλСPsyche,Ů,Ļˡ,psycho-(,)ʸϳ뾫йصĴʻ,psychology(ѧ)psychiatry(ѧ)ȡ

2.2ʻ򸴺ϴʸ׺ԷϷ,ҽѧӢʾԵԻ߼,ͨͺͷ塣,ijЩжʸǰ׺Ľϳϸӵ,ӦȽԷ,ѧһ,ϰѧĴʸ׺,ѧѧϰҽѧʻȤ,ҿѧҽѧӢʡ塱ǡ̾ˡ,ԡbradytachycardiaѧϰ,ȷ:brady-,tachy-,-cardia,ó:IJ档,ʵijЩϴʸ׺ҲԵԡ,Թɡcholangioma()ĸϴʸcholangio-,ɡchole-(֭)angio-(ӡѪ)϶,ӶƵǡܡ;Թɡnecrectomy(֯ժ)ĺ׺-ectomyз,ɴء-ect()tom-()-y()϶,ӶƵǡг

2.3ѧѧϰؼڽҽѧӢʽѧʱ,˶ijһʻĴԴص㡢ȷϸµķ֮,ӦڸôʻĻ֮ϽʵIJչѧ,ôʻйصһϵеĴʻܸѧ,Ե,Ȳ,ʹѧȫλؼҽѧӢʶǹѧϰijһʻ㡣

2.3.1ҽѧͨʻѧϰѧϰijһҽѧʱоôʻͬʸͨʻ,ͨʻѧõһЩʻ,֮ǿѧҽѧӢʻ䡣,ѧϰcir-cumcision(Ƥ)ʱ,ἰдʸcircum(Χ)ͨʻcircumstanceԼдʸcis/cid(,ɱ)ͨʻdecide/decision

2.3.2ͬʼʵѧϰҽѧӢӵֱϣͬԼɵͬ,ѧϰijһʱ,Ӧһ򼸸ͬԴͬһܸѧͬʱɵͬ,ѧϰеٴͬʱǰӦ,ظϰ,ﵽԸôǿĿġ,ͬʱѧϰͬgastrody-nia/gastralgia(θʹ)abdominoscopy/laparoscopy/celioscopy(ǻ)ȡѧϰijһػʻʱͬʱѧ䷴ʻĴʻ,ַʹѧͨԱȼǿЩʻļ䡣,ͬʱѧϰķСcryalgesia(ʹ)/thermalgesia(ʹ)tachycardia(Ķ)/bradycardia(Ķ);СandrӢṩṩĴдӢĴдддӢдѧдӢѧĴдغĹؼ

1/2 ҳҳһҳ12һҳβҳ

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