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The Ways in Which Government Interfere with Free Trade and The Associated Costs and Benefits-政府干预自由贸易的方式以及相关成本与效益 [7]

论文作者:英语论文论文属性:议论文 Argument Essay登出时间:2014-04-09编辑:caribany点击率:15952

论文字数:5826论文编号:org201404081134526352语种:英语 English地区:英国价格:免费论文

关键词:Government Interfere政府干预Costs and Benefits成本和效益free trade

摘要:本文主要分析了政府干预自由贸易的好处和坏处。政府干预会造成关税壁垒,非关税壁垒,这阻碍了国家和国际自由贸易的发展。而自由贸易会促进资源的合理配置,经济发展和开放。但是政府干预在某些情况下也是需要的,不过总体而言政府干预应当弱化和改善。

ances. Other barriers upon free trade may include voluntary export restraints, domestic content regulations, the operations of import state trading enter prices, as well as the sanitary and phytosanitary measures.

3.3 Other barriers which hinder the national and international free trade
In the first place, it is the barriers which hinder the trade-related investments. 
Such free trade barriers may include access restrictions which mean that foreign or indigenous investors suffer from certain restrictions made by governments or industrial regulations when requiring access to trade-related activities. Besides, it may also include the tax discrimination which refers to the fact that governments take discriminations in terms of various taxes upon different trade-related investors. What is more, it is the foreign ownership restrictions which mean that foreign investors’ ownership cannot exceed certain levels according to regulations issued by national governments. In the second place, it is the barriers which hinder the free trade of services which may also takes the forms of access restrictions and foreign ownership restrictions, the details of which are quite similar with the trade-related investment barriers. Last but not least, the different levels of intellectual property protection actions made by the national government can also be regarded as a type of trade-related barriers (Wei and Liu, 2006).
 
4.0 Discussions on the costs and benefits of doing so  成本收益的讨论


On the basis of discussion on the ways through which national governments interfere with free trade, this section will further critically discuss the costs and benefits of doing so. The discussions will be supported by some examples in practice.
 
4.1 Advantages of government's intervention with trade
Completely free trade may result in several problems without necessary intervention of the government. There are many reflections of the disadvantages of completely free trade. Firstly, the supply or need of certain products or services may be insufficient in the market. Secondly, the market efficiency may not be high and monopoly enterprises cannot make the production with the lowest average cost which could not utilize the production factors effectively. Thirdly, the profit distribution is not fair for the monopoly enterprises can hold the monopoly profits and deprive consumer rights and interests (Doz & Hamel, 1998). Fourthly, in completely free trade markets, monopoly can be generated thus this could block technological progress and market competition. For example, in practice many governments will issue anti-monopoly laws and regulations to influence the degree of competition. In China’s automobile industry, Chinese government has issued several industrial regulations to influence the industrial structure after China joined WTO, which has helped many firms grow up and invest in the auto industry by distributing resources more efficiently. Therefore, suitable intervention of the government with free trade could be necessary for the government could make the market operate in a better and advanced way. Firstly, with suitable intervention of the government, supply and need of the market could be balanced to a large degree with the suitable distribution of production resources. Therefore, the national resources could be moved to the good direction. Secondly,论文英语论文网提供整理,提供论文代写英语论文代写代写论文代写英语论文代写留学生论文代写英文论文留学生论文代写相关核心关键词搜索。

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